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Goodbye Uncle Tom

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Genre  Drama
7/10 IMDb

Goodbye Uncle Tom movie poster
Director  Gualtiero Jacopetti Franco Prosperi
Release date  1971
Writer  Gualtiero Jacopetti, Franco Prosperi
Initial release  September 30, 1971 (Italy)
Directors  Gualtiero Jacopetti, Franco Prosperi
Similar movies  Turkey Shoot, Mad Max: Fury Road, Knock Knock, Jamon Jamon, I Spit on Your Grave III: Vengeance is Mine, A Serbian Film
Tagline  300 years of hate explode today!

Goodbye uncle tom 1971

Goodbye Uncle Tom (Italian: Addio Zio Tom) is a 1971 Italian film directed by Mondo film documentary directors Gualtiero Jacopetti and Franco Prosperi with music by Riz Ortolani. The film is based on true events in which the filmmakers explore antebellum America, using period documents to examine in graphic detail the racist ideology and degrading conditions faced by Africans under slavery. Because of the use of published documents and materials from the public record, the film labels itself a documentary, though all footage is re-staged using actors. Though the film is presented as a documentary, it is more of a historical drama or docudrama because of its fantasy framing device of the directors travelling back in time combined with the re-staging of historical events.


Goodbye Uncle Tom movie scenes


Goodbye Uncle Tom movie scenes

The film was shot primarily in Haiti, where directors Jacopetti and Prosperi were treated as guests of Haitian dictator Papa Doc Duvalier. Duvalier supported the filmmakers by giving them diplomatic cars, clearance to film anywhere on the island, as many extras as they required, and even a nightly dinner with Duvalier himself. Hundreds of Haitian extras participated in the film's various depictions of the cruel treatment of slaves, as well as white actors portraying historical characters (including Harriet Beecher Stowe).

Different versions

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The directors' cut of Addio Zio Tom draws parallels between the horrors of slavery and the rise of the Black Power Movement, represented by Eldridge Cleaver, LeRoi Jones, Stokely Carmichael, and a few others. The film ends with an unidentified man's fantasy re-enactment of William Styron's The Confessions of Nat Turner. This man imagines Nat Turner's revolt in the present, including the brutal murder of the whites around him, who replace the figures Turner talks about in Styron's novel as the unidentified reader speculates about Turner's motivations and ultimate efficacy in changing the conditions he rebelled against. American distributors felt that such scenes were too incendiary, and forced Jacopetti and Prosperi to remove more than thirteen minutes of footage explicitly concerned with racial politics for American and other Anglophone audiences.

Reception and criticism

Goodbye Uncle Tom Film Review Goodbye Uncle Tom 1971 HNN

The film has frequently been criticized as racist, despite directors Jacopetti and Prosperi's claims to the contrary. In Roger Ebert's 1972 review of the shorter American version, he asserts that the directors have "Made the most disgusting, contemptuous insult to decency ever to masquerade as a documentary." He goes on to call the film "Cruel exploitation", suggesting that the directors degraded the black actors playing slaves by having them enact the extremely dehumanizing situations the film depicts. Critic Pauline Kael called the film "the most specific and rabid incitement to race war", a view shared by white nationalist and former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke, who claimed the film was a Jewish conspiracy to incite blacks to violence against whites.

Goodbye Uncle Tom Trailers From Hell Eli Roth on Very NonPC Goodbye Uncle Tom

The directors denied charges of racism; in the 2003 documentary Godfathers of Mondo they specifically note that one of their intentions in making Addio Zio Tom was to "make a new film that would be clearly anti-racist" in response to criticism by Ebert and others over perceived racism in their previous film Africa Addio.

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The film was considered to have been a critical and commercial failure.


Goodbye Uncle Tom Psychostasy of the Film Goodbye Uncle Tom AKA Addio Zio Tom 1971

The film was scored by Italian composer Riz Ortolani and is notable for the theme "Oh My Love," sung by Katyna Ranieri, which would later be used in the soundtrack to the 2011 film Drive. Ortolani also collaborated with directors Jacopetti and Prosperi on their previous films, Mondo Cane, and Africa Addio.

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