Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Golden Gate Park windmills

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Mill location  Golden Gate Park
Purpose  Water Pump
No. of sails  4
Year built  1903
Type  Tower
Phone  +1 415-263-0991
Golden Gate Park windmills
Operator(s)  San Francisco Recreation & Parks Department
Address  1691 John F Kennedy Dr, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
Similar  Queen Wilhelmina Tulip Gar, Strawberry Hill, Sutro Heights Park, Japanese Tea Garden, Golden Gate Park

There are two functioning windmills on the western edge of Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, California. The northern Dutch Windmill was completed in 1903, and the southern Murphy Windmill was completed in 1908. The Dutch Mill was placed on the San Francisco Designated Landmark list December 6, 1981, and the Murphy Mill was added July 2, 2000.



In the 1870s and 1880s, Golden Gate Park was planted on sand dunes and required substantial irrigation. In 1902, the Park Commission authorized the construction of two windmills to pump groundwater for park irrigation rather than purchasing water at exorbitant costs from the Spring Valley Water Company. The Dutch Mill was completed one year later and pumped 30,000 gallons per hour. Five years later, the Murphy Mill pumped an additional 40,000 gallons per hour to the park.

Electric water pumps replaced the need for windmills in 1913, and the two mills fell into disrepair. By the 1950s, the mills were in a state of ruin.


In 1964, the San Francisco Citizens Commission for the Restoration of the Golden Gate Park Windmills was formed and led by Eleanor Rossi Crabtree, daughter of former San Francisco mayor Angelo Rossi. The Dutch Mill was restored in 1981. The Queen Wilhelmina Tulip Garden is located next to the Dutch Mill.

Plans for the Murphy Mill restoration began in 2002, with a reopening in 2012. Since 2012 the Dutch community in the Bay Area celebrates their national Kings Day every year end of April at Murphy Mill. They celebrate Dutch culture and traditions, including old Dutch kids games, flea market, Dutch food, beer, music & dancing.


  • San Francisco Recreation & Parks Departmentkings day
  • References

    Golden Gate Park windmills Wikipedia

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