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Gheranda Samhita

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Hatha Yoga Pradipika, Shiva Samhita, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, Yoga Vasistha, Upanishads

Understanding hatha yoga gheranda samhita reading

Gheranda Samhita (Sanskrit gheraṇḍasaṁhitā घेरंडसंहिता ) meaning “Gheranda's collection” is one of the three classic texts of hatha yoga (the other two being the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and the Shiva Samhita). It is a late 17th-century text and is considered to be the most encyclopedic of the three classic texts on hatha yoga.


Gheranda Samhita is a manual of yoga taught by Gheranda to Chanda Kapali. Unlike other hatha yoga texts, the Gheranda Samhita speaks of a sevenfold yoga:

  1. Shatkarma for purification
  2. Asana for strengthening
  3. Mudra for steadying
  4. Pratyahara for calming
  5. Pranayama for lightness
  6. Dhyana for perception
  7. Samādhi for isolation

The text itself follows this division in seven chapters, and has a focus upon the ṣaṭkarmas (shatkarma), thus this text is sometimes said to describe ghatastha yoga. For instance, the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali describes an eightfold path (yama and niyama instead of shatkarma and mudra, and addition of dharana). The closing stanzas on samadhi teach different methods than those described by Patanjali.

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Gheranda Samhita Wikipedia

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