Tripti Joshi (Editor)

Gerhart Baum

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Preceded by  Werner Maihofer
Party  Free Democratic Party
Profession  Lawyer
Education  University of Cologne

Alma mater  University of Cologne
Role  German Politician
Nationality  German
Name  Gerhart Baum
Succeeded by  Jurgen Schmude
Gerhart Baum httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Born  October 28, 1932 (age 83) Dresden, Germany (1932-10-28)
Political party  Free Democratic Party (FDP)
Similar People  Burkhard Hirsch, Werner Maihofer, Hildegard Hamm‑Brucher, Hans‑Dietrich Genscher, Sabine Leutheusser‑Schnarrenberger

Clip gerhart baum gegen stasi 2 0 stuckrad barre

Gerhart Rudolf Baum (born 28 October 1932 in Dresden) is a German politician of the Free Democratic Party (FDP) and a lawyer.


Gedenken an ermordete im nationalsozialismus rede von gerhart baum am 20 07 2017

Political career

From 1972, Baum served as Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of the Interior under minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher, in the governments of Chancellor Willy Brandt and his successor Helmut Schmidt.

From 1978 until 1982, Baum was Federal Minister of the Interior. During his time in office, he liberalized routine loyalty investigations of candidates for public‐service jobs, a controversial practice intended to control radical activity that had led to a profound and disruptive debate about the extent of democracy in West Germany. In 1981, with the backing of the Economics Minister Otto Graf Lambsdorff, he asked the German car industry to agree on goals to tighten emissions standards and cut fuel consumption on a voluntary basis.

Following the collapse of the social–liberal coalition, Baum – alongside fellow FDP ministers Genscher, Lambsdorff, and Josef Ertl – resigned from the government on 18 September 1982.

Life after politics

Between 2000 and 2001, Baum and two other lawyers together represented about three-quarters of the Air France Flight 4590 crash victims' families. In May 2001, they reached a monetary settlement for compensation from Air France. According to people familiar with terms of the settlement, it was between $100 million and $125 million (114.1 million euros and 142.6 million euros), an extraordinarily high sum for a plane-crash settlement in Europe at the time.

From 2001 to 2003, Baum served as UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Sudan.

In 2006, Baum presented a press freedom award to Berliner Zeitung for its resistance to an unpopular takeover by David Montgomery’s Mecom Group.

In 2009, Germany’s national railway company Deutsche Bahn commissioned Baum and former Justice Minister Herta Däubler-Gmelin with investigating allegations according to which the company had, in violation of privacy laws and corporate guidelines repeatedly and on a large scale compared personal data of its employees with those of suppliers, in a bid to uncover possible corruption.

In 2016, Baum joined members of the Green Party, lawyers, a journalist and a doctor in bringing suits against Germany’s 2009 antiterrorism law before the Federal Constitutional Court, arguing that covert surveillance, particularly in private homes and in the intimacy of bedrooms or bathrooms, could entangle innocent third parties. In a 6-to-2 vote, the court ruled that the antiterrorism laws were partly unconstitutional and demanded tighter control over surveillance.

Other activities

  • Kunststiftung NRW, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Stiftung Menschenrechte, Member of the Council
  • Theodor Heuss Foundation, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • United Nations Association of Germany (DGVN), Member of the Presidium
  • Stichting Volkswagen Car Claim, President of the Avisory Board
  • Recognition

  • 2009 – Erich-Fromm-Preis
  • Selected works

  • Die Finanzkrise und ihre Folgen für die Bevölkerung. Anforderungen an einen verbesserten Verbraucherschutz, in: Robertson-von Trotha, Caroline Y. (ed.): Herausforderung Demokratie. Demokratisch, parlamentarisch, gut? (= Kulturwissenschaft interdisziplinär/Interdisciplinary Studies on Culture and Society, Vol. 6), Baden-Baden 2011
  • Die Grundrechte im Spannungsverhältnis von Sicherheit und Freiheit, in: Robertson-von Trotha, Caroline Y. (ed.): 60 Jahre Grundgesetz. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven (= Kulturwissenschaft interdisziplinär/Interdisciplinary Studies on Culture and Society, Vol. 4), Baden-Baden 2009
  • References

    Gerhart Baum Wikipedia

    Similar Topics
    Burkhard Hirsch
    Werner Maihofer
    Stiffy (film)