George Baldock started his footballing career playing for Milton Keynes Dons' academy side. His older brother Sam Baldock also played for the club.
Baldock made his first team debut for Milton Keynes Dons on 8 May 2010 in the League One clash with Brighton & Hove Albion at the Stadium:mk which ended in 0–0 draw, coming on as a substitute for Daniel Powell in the 81st minute.
Baldock made his full debut for the club on the last day of the 2010–11 season in a League One match against Oldham Athletic.
On 30 October 2011, he joined Northampton Town on a month's loan. In March 2012 he joined Tamworth on loan, along with team-mate Charlie Collins. He made his debut in a 1–1 league draw against Gateshead and completed the full match.
On 3 May 2012, he joined Icelandic Úrvalsdeild side ÍBV on a one-month loan. He made his debut for the club three days later in the opening match of the 2012 season, a 1–2 defeat away at Selfoss. Baldock was handed a one-match ban on 5 June 2012 after collecting four yellow cards in his first six games. He scored his first goal for ÍBV on 20 June 2012 in the 3–1 away win over Grindavík before being substituted for Ragnar Leósson. The following day, the club announced that Baldock's loan spell had been extended until 8 August, meaning he would be eligible to participate in the Europa League qualifying campaign. On 3 July 2012, he was given a further one-match suspension after becoming the first player of the season in the Icelandic leagues to reach the limit of seven yellow cards in league and cup matches. Nevertheless, he made his first appearance in European competition two days later after being selected in the starting line-up for the 0–1 defeat to Irish outfit St Patrick's Athletic in the first leg of the Europa League first qualifying round.
ÍBV announced on 9 August 2012 that Baldock's loan spell with the club had been extended until the end of the month.
Following his return from his loan at ÍBV, Baldock linked up on loan once again with Conference National side Tamworth. He signed with the club until the end of year, along with Dons team mates Charlie Collins and Jordan Ivey-Ward. George scored his first goal for Tamworth against Woking in a 3–2 victory. On 19 December 2012, Baldock scored twice for Tamworth as they beat Corby Town away 4–2 in the FA Trophy second round replay.
Baldock featured several times for Milton Keynes Dons in the first half of the 2014–15 season, including as part of the team involved in the memorable 4-0 win over Manchester United in the second round of the Capital One Cup on 26 August 2015.
On 12 February 2015, Baldock signed a loan deal till the end of the 2014–15 season with League Two side Oxford United. He went on to play 12 games for the club, He scored a late equaliser in the 1–1 home draw with Morecambe.
Baldock returned to Oxford on a season-long loan on 30 June 2015. During the his loan Baldock established himself as an integral part of the team, later being named in the 2015–16 League 2 PFA Team of the Year for his performances with Oxford.
On 28 January 2016, after impressing during his loan spell with the club, Milton Keynes Dons announced that Baldock had been recalled.
On 3 May 2016, having claimed a place as a regular first team player, Baldock was named the club's Young Player of the Year 2015/16 at the club's end of season awards.
On 29 July 2016, Baldock signed a contract extension with Milton Keynes Dons, keeping him at the club until the summer of 2018. On 26 November 2016, Baldock made his 100th appearance for the club in a 1–2 win away versus Coventry City.
On 13 June 2017, Baldock joined newly-promoted Championship side Sheffield United, on a three-year deal for an undisclosed fee.
His older brother, Sam Baldock, plays for Brighton & Hove Albion.As of match played 13 June 2017
NonePFA Team of the Year
League Two (1): 2015–16
Milton Keynes Dons
Young Player of the Year (1): 2015–16