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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Perciformes
Subfamily  Geophaginae
Higher classification  Cichlid
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Cichlidae
Scientific name  Geophagus
Rank  Genus
Geophagus wwwseriouslyfishcomwpcontentuploads201203G
Lower classifications  Pearl cichlid, Geophagus altifrons, Redhump eartheater, Redstriped eartheater, Stripetail

Geophagus fish tank

Geophagus is a genus of cichlids that mainly live in South America as far south as Uruguay, but a single species, G. crassilabris is from Panama. The genus is currently polyphyletic and in need of further taxonomic revision. Some geophagine cichlids previously included in this genus have been reallocated to Gymnogeophagus or Satanoperca. Sensu stricto species include the true geophagines of very peaceful disposition usually with long fin extensions like the type species Geophagus altifrons. Sensu lato geophagines include the much more robust and aggressive species of the Geophagus brasiliensis complex.


Geophagus surinamensis satanoperca daemon hd


There are currently 28 recognized species in this genus:

Geophagus Fish Identification
  • Geophagus abalios López-Fernández & Taphorn, 2004
  • Geophagus altifrons Heckel, 1840
  • Geophagus argyrostictus S. O. Kullander, 1991
  • Geophagus brachybranchus S. O. Kullander & Nijssen, 1989
  • Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Pearl cichlid)
  • Geophagus brokopondo S. O. Kullander & Nijssen, 1989
  • Geophagus camopiensis Pellegrin, 1903 (Oyapock eartheater)
  • Geophagus crassilabris Steindachner, 1876 (Panamanian eartheater)
  • Geophagus crocatus Hauser & López-Fernández, 2013
  • Geophagus diamantinensis Mattos, W. J. E. M. Costa & A. C. A. Santos, 2015
  • Geophagus dicrozoster López-Fernández & Taphorn, 2004
  • Geophagus gottwaldi I. Schindler & Staeck, 2006
  • Geophagus grammepareius S. O. Kullander & Taphorn, 1992
  • Geophagus harreri J. P. Gosse, 1976 (Maroni eartheater)
  • Geophagus iporangensis Haseman, 1911
  • Geophagus itapicuruensis Haseman, 1911
  • Geophagus megasema Heckel, 1840
  • Geophagus mirabilis Deprá, S. O. Kullander, Pavanelli & da Graça, 2014
  • Geophagus neambi P. H. L. Lucinda, C. A. S. de Lucena & Assis, 2010
  • Geophagus obscurus (Castelnau, 1855)
  • Geophagus parnaibae Staeck & I. Schindler, 2006
  • Geophagus pellegrini Regan, 1912 (Yellowhump eartheater)
  • Geophagus proximus (Castelnau, 1855).
  • Geophagus steindachneri C. H. Eigenmann & Hildebrand, 1922 (Redhump eartheater)
  • Geophagus surinamensis (Bloch, 1791) (Red-striped eartheater)
  • Geophagus sveni P. H. F. Lucinda, C. A. S. de Lucena & Assis, 2010
  • Geophagus taeniopareius S. O. Kullander & Royero-L., 1992
  • Geophagus winemilleri López-Fernández & Taphorn, 2004

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    Geophagus Wikipedia