Flosse was born in Rikitea, Mangareva, French Polynesia. He is of both French and Polynesian descent.
Flosse supports the current autonomy arrangement between French Polynesia and France and has led the conservative pro-autonomy and anti-independence party Tahoera'a Huiraatira (People's Rally for the Republic Party) for more than 20 years. He was the vice-president of the government council from 1982 to 1984, when more autonomy was gained and he became President of the Governing Council. He held that position from 1984 to 1987 and from 1991 to 2004.
On February 27, 2004, French Polynesian autonomy was again increased, and Flosse became President of French Polynesia (Le président de la Polynésie française). Shortly after, though, his party lost the parliamentary elections, and on June 15, he left office when the parliament, the Assembly of French Polynesia (Assemblée de la Polynésie française), elected the pro-independence leader, Oscar Temaru, to the post.
On October 22, 2004, he was re-elected to the presidency, and he took office that day, although doubt was cast on the legitimacy of this election by Antony Géros, the President of the French Polynesia Assembly (see French Polynesia political crisis 2004). On February 13, 2005, Flosse's party lost the parliamentary by-elections, which had been called as a compromise after pressure from Temaru's supporters. On February 18, 2005, Flosse lost the presidency again in a parliamentary confidence vote, and on March 3, 2005, Temaru took over.
Apart from having been president of the territory, he has also been both tourism minister and housing minister. He is the mayor of Pirea municipality north of Papeete and has represented the territory in the National Assembly of France. He was first elected to the Senate of France on October 1, 1998.
Flosse was able to govern French Polynesia with the support of centrist parties and groupings. He and French President Jacques Chirac have a close personal association, Chirac being a godfather to Flosse's youngest son. This relationship, of course has given the Tahitian special access to the highest levels of power in France, which he has utilised in negotiating aid packages and financial support for the territory.
On 21 June 2006 Flosse was convicted of corruption and given a three-month suspended sentence. The court found that he had abused his political office in connection with a hotel purchase. He continued to be a member of the territorial assembly and French Senate.
Flosse's party came third in the February 2008 legislative assembly elections, but with the support of Oscar Temaru and his UPLD (Union for Democracy) party, which came second, Flosse became President of French Polynesia again on 23 February 2008. He was replaced by Gaston Tong Sang after losing a vote of confidence on 15 April 2008, however.
Flosse was re-elected to the French Senate in the September 2008 Senate election.
Secretary of State for South Pacific : 1986-1988.
Member of European Parliament for France : 1984-1986 (Became ministre in 1986).
National Assembly of France
Member of the National Assembly of France for French Polynesia (2nd constituency) : 1978-1982 (Resignation) March–April 1986 (Became minister in 1986) / 1993-1997. Elected in 1978, reelected in 1981, 1986, 1993.
Senate of France
Senator of French Polynesia : 1998-2014. Elected in 1998, reelected in 2008. Deprived by the Constitutional Council of France on 16 September 2014.
Presidency of the French Polynesia
President of the French Polynesia : 2004-2005 / February–April 2008 / 2013-2014. Deprived by the Council of State on 5 September 2014.
President of the government of French Polynesia : 1984-1987 / 1991-2004. Reelected in 1991, 1996 and 2001.
Vice-president of the government of French Polynesia : 1982-1984.
French Polynesia Territorial Assembly
President of the Assembly of French Polynesia : 1972-1974 / 1976-1977.
Member of the Assembly of French Polynesia : 1967-2014. Reelected in 1972, 1977, 1982, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2004, 2008 and 2013. Deprived by the Council of State on 5 September 2014.
Mayor of Pirae : 1965-2000 (Resignation). Reelected in 1971, 1977, 1983, 1989, 1995.
Municipal councillor of Pirae : 1965-2000 (Resignation). Reelected in 1971, 1977, 1983, 1989, 1995.