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Friedrich Wachowiak

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Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Luftwaffe
Name  Friedrich Wachowiak
Rank  Leutnant
Years of service  1939–44

Friedrich Wachowiak enww2awardscomimagesperson7619100105152120pjpg
Born  13 February 1920 Dortmund, Germany (1920-02-13)
Buried at  Cimetiere militaire allemand de Champigny-St. Andre Plot 17—grave 2032
Battles/wars  World War II Eastern Front Western Front
Died  July 16, 1944, Caen, France
Awards  Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Battles and wars  Eastern Front, Western Front, World War II
Unit  Jagdgeschwader 52, Jagdgeschwader 3

Friedrich Wachowiak (13 February 1920 – 16 July 1944) was a former German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Wachowiak served with Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52—52nd Fighter Wing) and Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG 3—3rd Fighter Wing) and gained his first victories against the Royal Air Force in 1940. At the end of 1941 he received his 20th victory and the 40th was in March 1942. His first Soviet victory was on 1 May 1942. On 7 May 1942 he reported his 62nd and on 29 November 1942 the 86th victory. 1943/1944 he was temporary a fighter flight trainer and came back to the front in May 1944 with the JG 52 over Normandy.

Wachowiak was killed in action on 16 July 1944 on the Normandy invasion front during aerial combat with a Spitfire by Ecouche (in the Caen- Argentan area), as Leutnant and Flugzeugführer III/JG 3 "Udet".

The exact number of aerial victories Wachowiak was credited with is not exactly known. He was credited with at least 86 victories on the Eastern Front. His mother testified that he had claimed about 120 victories, while his comrades stated that he shot down about 140 aircraft. Wachowiak was nominated for the Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.


  • Iron Cross (1939)
  • 2nd Class
  • 1st Class
  • Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold
  • Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (15 December 1941)
  • German Cross in Gold on 22 January 1942 as Unteroffizier in the III./Jagdgeschwader 52
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 5 April 1942 as Unteroffizier and pilot in the III./Jagdgeschwader 52
  • References

    Friedrich Wachowiak Wikipedia

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