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Free State of Anhalt

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Capital  Dessau
1933–1935  Wilhelm Loeper
Flag  Coat of arms
Government  Republic
1935–1937  Fritz Sauckel
Free State of Anhalt

The Free State of Anhalt (German: Freistaat Anhalt) was formed after Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt abdicated on 12 November 1918, ending the Duchy of Anhalt. It was a state of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. In May 1932 the Nazi Party came to power in Anhalt and, after the Nazis attained power at the federal level in 1933, Anhalt was abolished de facto by the federal Nazi government, becoming part of the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt.


At the end of World War II, when Germany was divided into zones of occupation, Anhalt was merged with the bulk of the Prussian Province of Saxony to form the Soviet-administered German state of Saxony-Anhalt. This state was then dissolved in 1952 but reformed in 1990 after the reunification of Germany.

Ministers-President of Anhalt

  • 1918-1919: Wolfgang Heine (SPD)
  • 1919-1924: Heinrich Deist (SPD)
  • 1924-1924: Willy Knorr (DNVP)
  • 1924-1932: Heinrich Deist (SPD)
  • 1932-1940: Alfred Freyberg (NSDAP, though not as Gauleiter of Magedeburg-Anhalt)
  • 1940-1945: Rudolf Jordan (NSDAP, as Gauleiter of Magdeburg-Anhalt)
  • Reichsstatthalter

    Reichsstatthalter for the former states of Anhalt and Brunswick (headquarters in Dessau)

  • 1933-1935: Wilhelm Loeper
  • 1935-1937: Fritz Sauckel
  • 1937-1945: Rudolf Jordan
  • Presidents of the Landtag

  • 1918-1928; Heinrich Pëus (SPD)
  • 1928-1932: Richard Paulick (SPD)
  • 1932-1933: Wolfgang Nicolai (NSDAP)
  • References

    Free State of Anhalt Wikipedia