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Franz Weidenreich

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Nationality  German
Name  Franz Weidenreich

Franz Weidenreich wwwathenapubcom13dblackGIF
Institutions  University of Heidelberg
Alma mater  University of Strasbourg
Notable awards  Viking Fund Medal (1946)
Died  July 11, 1948, New York City, New York, United States
Books  The skull of Sinanthropus pekinensis
Fields  Anatomy, Biological anthropology
Similar People  Davidson Black, Pei Wenzhong, Johan Gunnar Andersson, Jia Lanpo, Henri Breuil

Education  University of Strasbourg

Franz Weidenreich (7 June 1873, Edenkoben – 11 July 1948, New York City) was a Jewish German anatomist and physical anthropologist who studied evolution.


Franz Weidenreich June 7 in German History

Life and career

Franz Weidenreich Franz Weidenreich Prof Dr med 1873 1948 Genealogy

Weidenreich studied at the University of Strasbourg where he earned a medical degree in 1899. From 1921 to 1924 he served as a Professor of anthropology at the University of Heidelberg and was a visiting professor at the University of Chicago in 1934. In 1935 he succeeded Canadian paleoanthropologist Davidson Black as honorary director of the Cenozoic Research Laboratory of the Geological Survey of China. Weidenreich was among the scientists to claim that Piltdown Man was a "chimera", a composite between two unrelated species, long before fluoride analyses proved that Piltdown Man was a hoax. Weidenreich also renamed Gigantopithecus blacki to Giganthropus blacki, based on a theory that primitive forms of man were much larger than the more recent ones. However, as this theory is contradictory to the Cope-Depéret rule (which states that in straight evolution lines of non-flying animals the size of species increases, not the other way round), it was rejected by Professor Dr. von Koenigswald when he returned from the Japanese concentration camp after the Second World War.

Franz Weidenreich Franz Weidenreich Home Facebook

As honorary director of the Cenozoic Research Laboratory he also studied fossils of the Peking Man, then known as Sinanthropus pekinensis, unearthed at Zhoukoudian, China. Weidenreich originated the "Weidenreich Theory of Human Evolution" based on his examination of Peking Man. Being an anatomist, Weidenreich observed numerous anatomical characteristics that Peking Man had in common with modern Chinese, this led to his Polycentric evolution model of human origins.

Franz Weidenreich Chardin and the Phony ApeMen

Peter H. Wyden, American journalist and writer, was one of his nephews and U.S. Senator Ron Wyden a grandnephew.

Polycentric Evolution


Weidenreich pioneered the Polycentric (multiregional) hypothesis, which proposed that human populations have evolved independently in the Old World from Homo erectus to Homo sapiens sapiens, while at the same time there was gene flow between the various populations.

Franz Weidenreich In China He Trusts Jon Zatkin

A vocal proponent of the Weidenreich Theory was Carleton Coon, however Coon modified Weidenreich's Polycentric view of evolution, since he stressed far less on gene flow.


Franz Weidenreich Wikipedia

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