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Frank Watson Dyson

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Nationality  British
Role  Astronomer

Name  Frank Dyson
Known for  Astronomer Royal
Awards  Royal Medal, Bruce Medal
Frank Watson Dyson httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Born  8 January 1868 Measham, Leicestershire, England (1868-01-08)
Alma mater  Trinity College, Cambridge
Died  May 25, 1939, Cape Town, South Africa
Education  Trinity College, Cambridge, Heath Grammar School, Bradford Grammar School, University of Cambridge

Notable awards  Royal Medal (1921)

Sir Frank Watson Dyson, KBE, FRS FRSE (8 January 1868 – 25 May 1939) was an English astronomer and Astronomer Royal who is remembered today largely for introducing time signals ("pips") from Greenwich, England, and for the role he played in proving Einstein's theory of general relativity.

Contents

Frank Watson Dyson Frank Watson Dyson Wikipedia

Biography

Dyson was born in Measham, near Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, the son of the Rev Watson Dyson, a Baptist minister, and his wife, Frances Dodwell. They moved to Yorkshire in his youth. There he attended Heath Grammar School, Halifax, and subsequently won scholarships to Bradford Grammar School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied mathematics and astronomy, being placed Second Wrangler in 1889.

In 1894 he was given the post of Senior Assistant at Greenwich Observatory and worked on the Astrographic Catalogue, which was published in 1905. He was appointed Astronomer Royal for Scotland from 1905 to 1910, and Astronomer Royal (and Director of the Royal Greenwich Observatory) from 1910 to 1933. In 1928, he introduced in the Observatory a new free-pendulum clock, the most accurate clock available at that time and organised the regular wireless transmission from the GPO wireless station at Rugby of Greenwich Mean Time. He also, in 1924, introduced the distribution of the "six pips" via the BBC. He was for several years President of the British Horological Institute and was awarded their Gold Medal in 1928.

Dyson was noted for his study of solar eclipses and was an authority on the spectrum of the corona and on the chromosphere. He is credited with organising expeditions to observe the 1919 solar eclipse at Brazil and Principe, which he somewhat optimistically began preparing for prior to the Armistice of 11 November 1918. Dyson presented his observations of the solar eclipse of May 29, 1919 to a joint meeting of the Royal Society and Royal Astronomical Society on 6 November 1919. The observations confirmed Einstein's theory of the effect of gravity on light which until that time had been received with some scepticism by the scientific community.

Dyson died on board a ship while travelling from Australia to England in 1939 and was buried at sea.

Honours and awards

  • Fellow of the Royal Society – 1901
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh - 1906
  • President, Royal Astronomical Society – 1911–1913
  • Vice-president, Royal Society – 1913–1915
  • Knighted – 1915
  • President, British Astronomical Association, 1916–1918
  • Royal Medal of the Royal Society – 1921
  • Bruce Medal of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific – 1922
  • Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society – 1925
  • Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire – 1926
  • Gold medal of British Horological Institute – 1928
  • President of the International Astronomical Union – 1928–1932
  • Between 1894–1906, Dyson lived at 6 Vanbrugh Hill, Blackheath, London SE3, in a house now marked by a blue plaque.
  • The crater Dyson on the Moon is named after him, as is the asteroid 1241 Dysona.
  • Family

    In 1894 he married Caroline Bisset Best (d.1937), the daughter of Palemon Best, with whom he had two sons and six daughters.

    Frank Dyson and Freeman Dyson

    Although Frank Dyson and theoretical physicist Freeman Dyson are not known to be related, their fathers Rev Watson Dyson and George Dyson both hailed from West Yorkshire where the surname originates and is most densely clustered. Freeman Dyson credits Sir Frank with sparking his interest in astronomy: because they shared the same last name, Sir Frank's achievements were discussed by Freeman Dyson's family when he was a young boy. Inspired, Dyson's first attempt at writing was a 1931 piece of juvenilia entitled "Sir Phillip Robert's Erolunar Collision" – Sir Philip being a thinly disguised version of Sir Frank.

    Selected writings

  • Astronomy, Frank Dyson, London, Dent, 1910
  • References

    Frank Watson Dyson Wikipedia


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