|Name Florianus Florianus|
Successor Marcus Aurelius Probus
Died 276Tarsus, Cilicia
|Role Roman emperor|
Siblings Marcus Claudius Tacitus
|Similar People Marcus Aurelius Probus, Carus, Quintillus, Aurelian, Claudius Gothicus|
Assassinated 276 AD, Tarsus, Turkey
Predecessor Marcus Claudius Tacitus
Emperors of rome florianus
Florianus (Latin: Marcus Annius Florianus Augustus; died 276), also known as Florian, was Roman Emperor for a few months in 276.
- Emperors of rome florianus
- The roman emperors tacitus florianus and the great probus
- Probus rebellion
The roman emperors tacitus florianus and the great probus
Florian was reported be a maternal half-brother to the Emperor Marcus Claudius Tacitus. Appointed Praetorian Prefect in Tacitus's army in his campaign against the Goths, according to the available sources, he was chosen by the army in the West to succeed Tacitus in 276, without the consensus of the Roman Senate. However he minted coins bearing the "SC" legend, thus showing some bonds to the Senate.
Florian was fighting the Heruli when the army in the East elected Probus. Florian had the support of Italia, Gaul, Hispania, Britain, Africa, and Mauretania. The two rival emperors met in battle in Cilicia; Florianus had the larger army, but Probus was a more experienced general and avoided a direct clash. Florian's western army was not accustomed to the hot, dry eastern climate, and Probus likely secured a small victory. Florian was assassinated by his own troops near Tarsus once their confidence was lost. He died in September 276, having been emperor for only eighty-eight days.
A family of the Brandenburg nobility called von Blumenthal claimed descent from Florianus in a fanciful legend which says that after his death his sons fled over the Alps and introduced viticulture to the north Germans.