Neha Patil

Fifth Army (Ottoman Empire)

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Country  Ottoman Empire
Type  Field Army
Fifth Army (Ottoman Empire)
Active  March 25, 1915 – November 21, 1918
Engagements  Gallipoli Campaign (World War I)
Engagement  
Notable commanders  Otto Liman von Sanders, Mahmud Kâmil Pasha, Mehmet Esat Bülkat
Similar  Third Army, Islamic Army of the Caucasus, First Army, Asakir‑i Mansure‑i Muhammediye, 18th Army

The Fifth Army of the Ottoman Empire or Turkish Fifth Army was formed on March 24, 1915 and dissolved on October 1918. It was assigned the responsibility of defending the Dardanelles straits in World War I. The original commander of the army was the German military advisor to the Ottoman Empire, General Otto Liman von Sanders. The command passed to Vehip Pasha who became responsible for the Helles front while von Sanders still wielded considerable influence.

Contents

Order of Battle, April 1915

In Late April 1915, the army was structured as follows:

  • III Corps (commanded by Esat Pasha)
  • 7th Division, 9th Division, 19th Division (commanded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk)
  • XV Corps (commanded by Colonel Hans Kannengiesser)
  • 3rd Division, 11th Division
  • Dardanelles Fortified Area Command
  • One aircraft squadron
  • When the Allied campaign the Battle of Gallipoli, which aimed to seize the Dardanelles, commenced, the Fifth Army comprised two army Corps; the III Corps was defending the Gallipoli peninsula and the XV Corps was defending the Asian shore. The XV. Corps, also known as the "Asian Group." In addition, the 5th Division was positioned north of the peninsula under the command of First Army.

    Order of Battle, Late Summer 1915

    The number of divisions involved in the defence of the peninsula expanded to ten and an unattached infantry regiment and a brigade of cavalry before the August Offensive. In Late Summer 1915, the army was structured as follows:

  • I Corps
  • 2nd Division, 3rd Division
  • II Corps
  • 4th Division, 5th Division, 6th Division
  • III Corps
  • 7th Division, 8th Division, 9th Division, 19th Division
  • IV Corps
  • 10th Division, 11th Division, 12th Division
  • V Corps
  • 13th Division, 14th Division, 15th Division
  • Dardanelles Fortified Area Command
  • One aircraft squadron
  • A further three divisions arranged in the "Asian Group." The four divisions at Anzac made up the III Corps. (6 at Helles, 4 at Anzac) plus additional.

    Order of Battle, August 1916

    In August 1916, the army was structured as follows:

  • I Corps
  • 14th Division, 16th Division
  • Dardanelles Fortified Area Command
  • Order of Battle, December 1916

    In December 1916, the army was structured as follows:

  • XIV Corps
  • 57th Division, 59th Division
  • Dardanelles Fortified Area Command
  • Order of Battle, August 1917, January 1918

    In August 1917, January 1918, the army was structured as follows:

  • XIV Corps
  • 57th Division
  • XIX Corps
  • 59th Division
  • XXI Corps
  • 49th Division
  • Dardanelles Fortified Area Command
  • Order of Battle, June, September 1918

    In June, September 1918, the army was structured as follows:

  • XIV Corps
  • 57th Division
  • XIX Corps
  • None
  • XXI Corps
  • 49th Division
  • Dardanelles Fortified Area Command
  • Order of Battle, November 1918

    In November 1918, the army was structured as follows:

  • I Corps
  • 55th Division
  • XIV Corps
  • 49th Division, 60th Division, 61st Division
  • References

    Fifth Army (Ottoman Empire) Wikipedia


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