Harman Patil (Editor)

Ficimia

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Kingdom  Animalia
Subphylum  Vertebrata
Suborder  Serpentes
Scientific name  Ficimia
Rank  Genus
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Squamata
Family  Colubridae
Higher classification  Colubridae
Ficimia wwwreptariumczcontentphotord05Ficimiastrec
Similar  Snake, Gyalopion, Ficimia streckeri, Ficimia publia, Colubridae

Ficimia is a genus of colubrid snakes commonly known as hooknose snakes or hook-nosed snakes, which are endemic to North America. There are seven species within the genus.

Contents

Geographic range

Species of Ficimia are found in Mexico, in the United States in the southern tip of Texas, and as far south as Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras.

Description

Hooknose snakes are typically gray or olive green in color, with brown or black blotching down the back, and a cream-colored underside. They grow to a total length of 5–11 in (13–28 cm) and have a distinct upturned snout, which is similar to that of hognose snakes (genus Heterodon), and is used to aid in burrowing in loose, sandy soil. The dorsal scales are smooth (keeled in Heterodon), and the anal plate is divided.

Diet

Hook-nosed snakes feed primarily on spiders and centipedes.

Species

The following seven species are recognized.

  • Ficimia hardyi Mendoza-Quijano & H.M. Smith, 1993 – Hardy's hook-nosed snake
  • Ficimia olivacea Gray, 1849 – Mexican hook-nosed snake
  • Ficimia publia Cope, 1866 – blotched hook-nosed snake
  • Ficimia ramirezi H.M. Smith & Langebartel, 1949 – Ramirez's hook-nosed snake
  • Ficimia ruspator H.M. Smith & Taylor, 1941 – Guerreran hook-nosed snake
  • Ficimia streckeri Taylor, 1941 – Strecker's hook-nosed snake
  • Ficimia variegata (Günther, 1858) – Tehuantepec hook-nosed snake
  • References

    Ficimia Wikipedia


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    Colubridae
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