Nisha Rathode

Ferdinand Schaal

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Years of service  1908–44
Name  Ferdinand Schaal
Service/branch  German Army

Ferdinand Schaal
Born  7 February 1889 Braunschweig, Duchy of Brunswick, German Empire (1889-02-07)
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)  Weimar Republic (to 1933)  Nazi Germany (to 1944)
Rank  General der Panzertruppen
Battles/wars  World War I World War II Invasion of Poland Siege of Calais Operation Barbarossa
Died  October 9, 1962, Baden-Baden, Germany
Awards  Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Battles and wars  World War I, Invasion of Poland, Siege of Calais (1940), Operation Barbarossa, World War II
Commands held  10th Panzer Division, LVI Panzer Corps, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Similar People  Heinz Guderian, Gerd von Rundstedt, Rudolf Veiel, Paul Ludwig Ewald vo, Henri Giraud

Ferdinand Schaal (7 February 1889 – 9 October 1962) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He commanded the 10th Panzer Division in the 1939 Invasion of Poland and directed the successful Siege of Calais in 1940. Later, he became involved in the unsuccessful 20 July plot against Adolf Hitler and the implementation of Operation Walküre that was to follow. For this, he was imprisoned until the end of the war.


Early life and World War I

Ferdinand was born on 7 February 1889 in Brunswick, Lower Saxony. In 1908, at the age of 19, Schaal joined the military as an officer in a regiment of dragoons. After World War I, he became a captain of cavalry in the Reichswehr.

World War II

In April 1939, as part of the lead-up to the invasion of Poland, Schaal was tapped to lead the new 10th Panzer Division. He continued to command that unit through the invasions of Poland, France, and the USSR. On 16 March 1942, as the 10th Panzer Division returned to France from its bloody tour of the Eastern Front, Schaal was given the command of LVI Panzer Corps, which was also stationed in the Soviet Union. He served in that capacity until 1 August 1943, when he became Wehrmacht commander in the military district of Bohemia and Moravia.

Operation Walküre

His role in Operation Walküre was to involve subduing the Nazi party and establishing military control over Bohemia and Moravia. On the evening of 20 July 1944, Schaal waited for clarification on how to proceed from General Friedrich Fromm, a co-conspirator in Berlin. None came, however, as the assassination attempt had failed and Fromm had decided to betray the other plotters. Schaal was arrested the next day on the orders of Heinrich Himmler and imprisoned. Unlike many members of the German resistance, Schaal avoided execution and survived the war.

Awards and decorations

  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 13 July 1940 as Generalleutnant and commander of 10. Panzer-Division
  • References

    Ferdinand Schaal Wikipedia

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