This article is about the family tree of the Islamic Nabi (Arabic: نَـبِي, Prophet) Muhammad. He was known as a member of the family of Hashim and the ‘Adnani Tribe of Quraysh.
Family Tree of Banu Hashim
Wathilah ibn al-Asqa narrated that Muhammad said;
"Indeed Allah chose Isma'il from the progeny of Ibrahim, chose the Banu Kinanah over other tribes from the children of Isma'il; He chose the Banu Quraish over other tribes of Kinanah; He chose Banu Hashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me from Banu Hashim."
Muhammad to Adnan
According to Islamic prophetic tradition, Muhammad was descended from Adnan. Tradition records the genealogy from Adnan to Muhammad comprises 21 generations. "The following is the list of chiefs who are said to have ruled the Hejaz and to have been the patrilineal ancestors of Muhammad."
Adnan to Isma'il
Various genealogies of Adnan up to Isma'il have been narrated. Adnan was the ancestor of the Adnani Arabs of northern, central and western Arabia and a direct descendant of Isma'il. It is not confirmed how many generation are between them, however Adnan was fairly close to Isma'il. Isma'il had twelve sons who are said to have become twelve tribal chiefs throughout the regions from Havilah to Shur (from Assyria to the border of Egypt).
Genealogists differ from which son of Isma'il the main line of descent came, either through his eldest son Nabut, or his second son Qedar who was the father of the North Arabian Qedarite tribe that controlled the region between the Persian Gulf and the Sinai Peninsula. Genealogists also differ in the names on the line of descent.
Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari states:
"The genealogists do not differ concerning the descent of our Prophet Muhammad as far as Ma’add b. ‘Adnan."
Ibrahim to Nuh
`Abd Allah ibn `Abbas narrated Muhammad said;
"The descendants of `Imran, mentioned in Allah's saying, ‘Allah did choose Adam and Nuh, the family of Ibrahim, and the family of `Imran above all people,-' [Quran 03:33] are the believers among sons of Ibrahim, `Imran, Yasin and Muhammad"
"And We sent Noah and Abraham, and established in their line Prophethood and Revelation: and some of them were on right guidance. But many of them became rebellious transgressors."
It is unclear how many generations are between Ibrahim and Nuh. Nuh's son Sam was the ancestor of the Semitic race.
Nuh to Adam
'Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas narrated Muhammad said;
“Between Nuh and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharia of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners.”