Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Falcataria moluccana

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Genus  Falcataria
Order  Fabales
Subfamily  Mimosoideae
Rank  Species

Similar  Falcataria, Paraserianthes, Uromycladium, Uromycladium tepperianum, Albizia chinensis

Falcataria moluccana, commonly known as the Moluccan albizia, is a species of fast-growing tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. It is native to New Guinea, Maluku Islands, the Solomon Islands, and the Bismarck Archipelago in Papua New Guinea, and is cultivated for timber throughout South Asian and Southeast Asian countries. This tree is considered to be invasive in Hawaii, American Samoa and several other island nations in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is about 30m tall tree in nature with a massive trunk and an open crown.

Contents

Falcataria moluccana httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Common names

Falcataria moluccana Falcataria moluccana Moluccan Albizia Molucca Albizia

Falcataria moluccana is cultivated throughout the wet tropical and subtropical regions of the world and so has many common names. These include: albizia (Hawaii), Moluccan albizia, sengon (Java), batai (Malaysia), sau and falcata.

Description

Falcataria moluccana Falcataria moluccana Moluccan Albizia Molucca Albizia
  • Leaves - twice pinnately compound with small leaflets
  • Flowers - creamy white small flowers are faintly fragrant
  • Fruits - pods
  • Uses - soft wood is used for make match sticks of match boxes. Pulp is used for paper-making.
  • The tree has become invasive in forests in Hawaii and on other Pacific islands.
  • Insects found on Falcataria moluccana

    Falcataria moluccana FileStarr 0702154480 Falcataria moluccanajpg Wikimedia Commons

    In Hawaii the caterpillars of the endemic Hawaiian koa looper (Scotorythra paludicola) has been found to defoliate Falcataria moluccana and complete their development on this invasive tree without the larvae eating the leaves of their native host Acacia koa.

    In Borneo the following moth species have been identified as feeding on Falcataria moluccana.

  • Lymantria brunneiplaga - Family Lymantriidae
  • Hypochrosis cryptopyrrhata - Family Geometridae
  • Erygia spissa - Family Erebidae
  • Hypopyra pudens - Family Erebidae
  • In the broader Indomalayan region the following species have also been found feeding on F. moluccana:

  • Charaxes bernardus - Lepidoptera: Family Nymphalidae
  • Diseases of Falcataria moluccana

    Falcataria moluccana FileStarr 0704046706 Falcataria moluccanajpg Wikimedia Commons

    Falcataria moluccana is the primary host of the gall rust fungus Uromycladium falcatarium, and has also been recorded as a host of Uromycladium tepperianum. Both of these gall rust species cause severe damage throughout all stages of the tree's growth.

    Falcataria moluccana Falcataria moluccana Useful Tropical Plants

    Two Actinomycetales bacteria Streptomyces asiaticus and S. cangkringensis have been isolated from the rhizosphere soil surrounding F. moluccana in Indonesia. Although at least 10 species of Streptomyces are plant pathogens it is unclear if these two species have any negative impacts on the roots or other tissues of this tree.

    References

    Falcataria moluccana Wikipedia


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