Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Excelsior Geyser

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Name origin  Hayden Survey, 1871
Elevation  2,212 m
Type  Fountain-type Geyser
Excelsior Geyser httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Location  Midway Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Teton County, Wyoming
Eruption height  Boil – 300 feet, and just as wide.
Frequency  When active, every 2 minutes to 5 hours
Duration  When active, 1–3.5 minutes
Similar  Midway Geyser Basin, Opal Pool, Firehole River, Fountain Paint Pot, Turquoise Pool

Excelsior Geyser Crater, formerly known as Excelsior Geyser, is a hot spring in the Midway Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park in the United States. Excelsior was named by the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871.

Contents

Map of Excelsior Geyser Crater, Wyoming 82190, USA

Description

The Excelsior Geyser pool discharges 4,000 to 4,500 gallons (15,100–17,000 l) of 199 °F (93 °C) water per minute directly into the Firehole River. In the late 19th century (there was possibly some activity in 1901 too), it was an active geyser that erupted frequently. Most eruptions were about 100 feet high, although some exceeded 300 feet (91 m) in both height and width. It is believed that the powerful eruptions damaged its internal plumbing system, and it now boils as a productive hot spring most of the time.

Activity

In 1985, Excelsior returned to activity for a 46-hour period from September 14 to 16. These eruptions were relatively small at 30 feet (9.1 m) but a few were as much as 80 feet (24 m) tall and 100 feet wide. All of these eruptions lasted about 2 minutes at intervals of 5 to 66 minutes.

In the mid first decade of the 21st century Excelsior did have violent boiling strong enough to be considered as eruptions, the boiling reached between 5 to 10 feet (1.5 to 3.0 m) and had a duration of seconds.

References

Excelsior Geyser Wikipedia


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