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Euchaetes egle

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Kingdom  Animalia
Class  Insecta
Superfamily  Noctuoidea
Scientific name  Euchaetes egle
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Lepidoptera
Family  Erebidae
Rank  Species
Euchaetes egle Erebidae Euchaetes egle Euchaetes egle BugGuideNet
Similar  Halysidota tessellaris, Common milkweed, Cycnia tenera, Lophocampa caryae, Orgyia leucostigma

Milkweed tussock caterpillar or euchaetes egle 4k


Euchaetes egle, the milkweed tussock caterpillar or milkweed tiger moth, is a moth in the family Erebidae. It is a common mid- through late-summer feeder on milkweeds and dogbane. Like most species in this family, it has chemical defenses it acquires from its host plants, in this case, cardiac glycosides (Weller et al., 1999). These are retained in adults and deter bats, and presumably other predators, from feeding on them (Hristov and Conner 2005). Only very high cardiac glycoside concentrations deterred bats, however (Hristov and Conner 2005). Adults indicate their unpalatability with clicks from their tymbal organs (Simmons and Conner 1996).

Contents

Euchaetes egle 1000 images about Milkweed Tussock Moth on Pinterest Leaves

Milkweed tussock moth caterpillar erebidae euchaetes egle


Range

From southern Canada, and south through Texas and Florida in North America (Wagner 2005).

Life cycle

One generation per year in the north, two or more in the south (Wagner 2005).

Egg

Females lay eggs in masses on the undersides of leaves.

Larva

Euchaetes egle Erebidae Euchaetes egle Euchaetes egle BugGuideNet

Early instars appear slightly 'hairy' and gray. They skeletonize whole leaves gregariously, leaving lacy leaf remnants. They are gregarious until their third instar. Later instars sport tufts of black, white and orange (sometimes yellow) setae. The head capsule is black. The later instars wander much more, and may appear alone or in groups of 2-10. Mature caterpillars occur from June onwards (Wagner 2005). Larvae grow as long as 35 mm.

Pupa

The gray cocoon is 'felted,' with 'hairs' from the larvae, and overwinters (Wagner, 2005).

Adults

Euchaetes egle mothphotographersgroupmsstateeduFiles1JV300J

Wings are grayish. Abdomens are 'hairy' and yellow, each with a row of black dots on its dorsum. Males use their tymbal organs in calling females and in defense against bats (Simmons and Conner, 1996).

Food plants

Euchaetes egle Moth Photographers Group Euchaetes egle 8238

This moth frequently uses milkweeds (Asclepias spp.) and sometimes dogbane (Apocynum spp.) as larval host plants. Larvae often feed on older milkweed shoots, and seldom share shoots with monarchs Danaus plexippus, which prefer younger ones (Wagner, 2005).

Euchaetes egle Euchaetes egle Milkweed Tussock Moth Discover Life

Dogbanes and milkweeds produce a sticky latex that can impede larval feeding. Early instars avoid the veins by skeletonizing the leaves. Older larvae sever the veins that supply the latex, which reduces latex flow to the area they feed on (Dussourd and Denno, 1991).

References

Euchaetes egle Wikipedia


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