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Etienne Maurice Falconet

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Nationality  French
Notable work  The Bronze Horseman
Name  Etienne Falconet
Known for  Sculpture
Movement  Classicism
Etienne Maurice Falconet

Master Study ▼ Étienne Maurice Falconet's Seated Cupid


Etienne Maurice Falconet (1 December 1716 – 24 January 1791) is counted among the first rank of French Rococo sculptors, whose patron was Mme de Pompadour.

Contents

Life

Falconet was born to a poor family in Paris. He was at first apprenticed to a carpenter, but some of his clay figures, with the making of which he occupied his leisure hours, attracted the notice of the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, who made him his pupil. One of his most successful early sculptures was of Milo of Croton, which secured his admission to the membership of the Academie des beaux-arts in 1754.

He came to prominent public attention in the Salons of 1755 and 1757 with his marbles of L’Amour and the Nymphe descendant au bain (also called "The Bather"), which is now at the Louvre. In 1757 Falconet was appointed director of the sculpture atelier of the new Manufacture royale de porcelaine at Sevres, where he brought new life to the manufacture of small sculptures in unglazed soft-paste porcelain figurines that had been a specialty at the predecessor of the Sevres manufactory, Vincennes.

The influence of the painter Francois Boucher and of contemporary theater and ballet are equally in evidence in Falconet's subjects, and his sweet, elegantly erotic, somewhat coy manner. Right at the start, Falconet created for Sevres a set of white biscuit table garnitures of putti (Falconet's Enfants), illustrating the Arts, meant to complement the manufacture's grand dinner services. The fashion for similar small table sculptures spread to most of the porcelain manufacturies of Europe.

He remained at the Sevres post until he was invited to Russia by Catherine the Great in September 1766. At St Petersburg he executed a colossal statue of Peter the Great in bronze, known as the Bronze Horseman, together with his pupil and stepdaughter Marie-Anne Collot. In 1788, back in Paris he became director of the Academie des beaux-arts. Many of Falconet's religious works, commissioned for churches, were destroyed at the time of the French Revolution. His work on private commission fared better.

He found time to study Greek and Latin, and also wrote several brochures on art: Denis Diderot confided to him the chapter on "Sculpture" in the Encyclopedie , separately released by Falconet as Reflexions sur la sculpture in 1768. Three years later, he published Observations sur la statue de Marc-Aurele, which may be interpreted as the artistic program for his statue of Peter the Great. Falconet's writings on art, his Oeuvres litteraires came to six volumes when they were first published, at Lausanne, in 1781–1782.

Falconet's somewhat prettified and too easy Rococo charm incurred the criticism of the Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911: "His artistic productions are characterized by the same defects as his writings, for though manifesting considerable cleverness and some power of imagination, they display in many cases a false and fantastic taste, the result, most probably, of an excessive striving after originality."

In 2001/2002, when the Musee de Ceramique at Sevres mounted an exhibition of Falconet's production for Sevres, 1757–1766, its subtitle was " l’art de plaire" ("the art of pleasing.") [1]

Family

The painter Pierre-Etienne Falconet was his son.

References

Etienne Maurice Falconet Wikipedia


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