Rahul Sharma

Ethmostigmus rubripes

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Kingdom  Animalia
Class  Chilopoda
Genus  Ethmostigmus
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Centipedes
Subphylum  Myriapoda
Family  Scolopendridae
Scientific name  Ethmostigmus rubripes
Rank  Species
Ethmostigmus rubripes Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus India Arachnoboards
Similar  Scolopendra morsitans, Cormocephalus, Scolopendridae, Scolopendra subspinipes, Tropical centipedes

Giant centipede ethmostigmus rubripes catching a cricket


Ethmostigmus rubripes, the giant centipede, is the largest Australasian and Asian centipede. Head and body length 7.5 to over 16 cm (6 14 in). The body is long and flattened. Coloration is dark or greenish-brown to orange or orange-yellow with black bands, with yellow legs and antennae; southern specimens tend to have blue or dark antennae. Ethmostigmus rubripes also have various subspecies which may explain the many colour forms of this species.

Contents

Ethmostigmus rubripes Ethmostigmus rubripes quotKurandaquot juvenile yyxkmuyhkcvgjmk Flickr

Huge ethmostigmus rubripes smashes cricket


Habitat and range

Ethmostigmus rubripes Ethmostigmus rubripes tiger form yyxkmuyhkcvgjmk Flickr

It is found in both dry and moist habitats, usually in sheltered places such as under logs, leaf litter and bark, and under rocks. It is solitary, terrestrial and a nocturnal predator. It is common throughout Australia, the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, Indonesia, Southeast Asia and China.

Food

It feeds on insects, snails and worms.

Reproduction

Ethmostigmus rubripes Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus Lat3ralus Flickr

The eggs are laid in clusters and the mother guards the eggs and hatchlings until after their second moult.

Venom

The giant centipede has modified claws called forcipules which curve around its head and can deliver venom into its prey. The venom is toxic to both mammals and insects, but does not appear to be strong enough to kill large animals quickly. It can cause severe pain in humans which can last for several days but which can be relieved somewhat by the application of icepacks. Some people report "intense pain", while others claim it is no worse than a wasp sting. There has been at least one reported death from the related centipede species Scolopendra subspinipes in which a young girl was bitten and died.

Ethmostigmus rubripes Giant Centipede Ethmostigmus rubripes BowerBird
Ethmostigmus rubripes Ethmostigmus rubripes Green form Australia lier Louis Flickr
Ethmostigmus rubripes Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus India Arachnoboards
Ethmostigmus rubripes httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

References

Ethmostigmus rubripes Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Cormocephalus
Scolopendra morsitans
Scolopendra subspinipes
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