RegionIslamic civilization EraIslamic Golden Age Died957 AD
Main interestsIslamic geography Name Abu al Istakhri
Full nameAbu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al Istakhri School or traditionBalkhi school
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al Istakhri (also known as Estakhri, Persian: استخری, i.e. from the Iranian city of Estakhr, b. - d. 957 AD [346AH]) was a Persian medieval geographer in medieval Islam and traveler of the 10th century.
Estakhri created the earliest known account of windmills. His Arabic language works included masalik al-mamalik (مسالك الممالك, "Traditions of Countries") and Suwar al-Aqaaleem ( صور الاقاليم, "Shapes of the Climes").
He was a traveller whose geographical work has been translated into German by Mordtmann. When Istakhari was in the Indus Valley he met another celebrated traveller, Ibn Haukul.