Bahovski studied at the Estonian Institute of Human Sciences from 1989–1992. From 1992–1999, he studied history at Tartu University. Bahovski studied at the Groningen University in Netherlands in 1994, in the Reuters Foundation of the Oxford University in 2004, and in the International Visitors Leadership Programme in the U.S. in 2006.
Bahovski worked for Postimees, the largest newspaper in Estonia, from 1995 until 2008. After that, he became the European Commission Representation's press officer for Estonia until 2011. He was a permanent guest on the weekly radio show Rahva Teenrid (People’s Servants) in 2006–2008. Since 2011, he is the host of the foreign policy broadcast on the Estonian National Broadcast. Bahovski is a member of the Estonian Foreign Policy Institute.