Puneet Varma (Editor)

Erica carnea

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Ericaceae
Scientific name  Erica carnea
Higher classification  Heath
Order  Ericales
Genus  Erica
Rank  Species

Similar  Heath, Calluna, Ericaceae, Erica tetralix, Erica cinerea

Heath erica carnea variety

Erica carnea (winter heath, winter flowering heather, spring heath, alpine heath; syn. E. herbacea, E. mediterranea) is a species of flowering plant in the family Ericaceae native to mountainous areas of central and southern Europe, where it grows in coniferous woodlands or stony slopes.


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It is a low-growing, spreading subshrub reaching 10–25 cm (4–10 in) tall, with evergreen needle-like leaves 4-8 mm long, borne in whorls of four. The flowers are produced in racemes in late winter to early spring, often starting to flower while the plant is still covered in snow; the individual flower is a slender bell-shape, 4-6 mm long, dark reddish-pink, rarely white.

Erica carnea httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The first published name for the species is Erica herbacea; however, the name E. carnea (published three pages later in the same book) is so widely used, and the earlier name so little used, that a formal proposal to conserve the name E. carnea over E. herbacea was accepted by the International Botanical Congress in 1999.

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The Latin specific epithet carnea means "flesh pink".

Erica carnea winterheide winter heath

Cultivation and uses

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It is very widely grown as an ornamental plant for its winter flowering; over 100 cultivars have been selected for variation in flower and leaf colour. Unlike most species of Erica, which are typically calcifuges, it tolerates mildly alkaline as well as acidic soils, making it easier to grow in many areas. Like other species within the genus Erica it is often seen as groundcover amongst plantings of dwarf conifers.

The following cultivars, forms and hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Erica carnea FileErica carnea 002JPG Wikimedia Commons
Erica carnea Erica carnea 39Vivellii39 heather 39Vivellii39RHS Gardening


Erica carnea Wikipedia

Similar Topics
Erica cinerea
Erica tetralix