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Erfurt Cathedral

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Covid-19
Location  Erfurt
Denomination  Roman Catholic
Status  Active
Architectural type  Church
Country  Germany
Founded  14th century
Phone  +49 361 576960
Erfurt Cathedral
Website  Website of the Cathedral
Address  Domstufen 1, 99084 Erfurt, Germany
Diocese  Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt
Architectural styles  Romanesque architecture, Gothic architecture
Similar  Domplatz, Krämerbrücke, Zitadelle Petersberg, Erfurt Synagogue, Predigerkirche

Inside the erfurt cathedral mariendom


The Catholic Erfurt Cathedral is a 1200-year-old church located on Cathedral Hill of Erfurt, in Thuringia, Germany. It is of an International Gothic style, and is also known as St Mary's Cathedral, and is located, uniquely, on a hillside.

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It is the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt.

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History

The site of the present Cathedral has been the location of many other Christian buildings, for example a Romanesque basilica and a church hall. Martin Luther was ordained in the cathedral in 1507. Saint Boniface erected a church in the year 724 on the mound which the Erfurt Cathedral now sits. The foundations of the original church were used for a Romanesque basilica in the mid 12th century. The mound was then enlarged in the early 14th century to make room for the St. Mary's cathedral.

Architecture

The architecture of the Erfurt Cathedral is mainly Gothic and stems from around the 14th and 15th centuries. There are many things of note as far as the architecture is concerned, not least the stained glass windows and furnishings of the interior of the cathedral. The central spire of the three towers that sit aloft the cathedral harbours the Maria Gloriosa which, at the time of its casting by Geert van Wou in 1497, was the world's largest free-swinging bell. It is the largest existing medieval bell in the world. It is known to have purity and beauty of tone.

Relics and treasures

The cathedral houses many rare and rich furnishings and sculptures, including the tomb of the bigamous Count von Gleichen, accompanied by both of his wives, a stucco altar, a bronze candelebra of Romanesque antiquity called Wolfram, the oldest free standing cast work in Germany, and, out on the porch, several statues of the Wise and Foolish Virgins.

References

Erfurt Cathedral Wikipedia


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