Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Eremophila (bird)

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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Eremophila
Higher classification  Lark
Order  Passerine
Family  Alaudidae
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Genus
Eremophila (bird) httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Lower classifications  Horned lark, Temminck's lark, Eremophila maculata, Eremophila nivea, Eremophila glabra

The bird genus Eremophila comprises the two horned larks.


Taxonomy and systematics

The current genus name is from Ancient Greek eremos, "desert", and phileo, "to love".

Extant species

  • Horned lark (Eremophila alpestris)
  • Temminck's lark (Eremophila bilopha)
  • Extinct species

    There is at least one fossil species included in this genus:

  • Eremophila prealpestris (late Pliocene of Varshets, Bulgaria)
  • Description

    Unlike most other larks, these are distinctive looking species with striking head and face patterns, black and white in Temminck’s lark and black and yellow in most horned larks. In the summer males of both species have black "horns", which give these larks their alternative names.

    Distribution and habitat

    These are larks of open country which nest on the ground. The migratory horned lark breeds across much of northern North America, Europe and Asia and in the mountains of Europe. Temminck’s lark is mainly a resident breeding species across much of north Africa, through northern Arabia to western Iraq.


    Eremophila (bird) Wikipedia

    Similar Topics
    Eremophila glabra
    Eremophila maculata
    Eremophila nivea