E. subg. Amphiglottium
E. sect. Schistochila
| Epidendrum, Orchids, Epidendrum radicans, Epidendrum secundum, Epidendrum ciliare|
Epidendrum ibaguense (pronounced ee-bah-GAIN-say) is a species of epiphytic orchid of the genus Epidendrum which occurs in Trinidad, French Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia and Northern Brazil.
Epidendrum ibaguense Wikipedia
According to Reichenbach, E. ibaguense belongs to the subsection Tuberculata Rchb.f. of section Schistochila Rchb.f. of subgenus Amphiglotium Lindl..
According to Kew, E. decipiens Lindl. (1853) (p. 391, Reichenbach 1861)) and E. schomburgkii var. confluens (p. 389-390, Reichenbach 1861) are synonyms of E. ibaguense; according to Reichenbach 1861, these two separate species belong to the subsection Carinata.
Other synonyms (according to Kew) :Epidendrum decipiens Lindl., 1853
Epidendrum schomburgkii var. confluens Lindl., 1853
Epidendrum chrysostomum Rchb.f.,1856
Epidendrum bituberculatum Rolfe, 1892
Epidendrum planiceps Kraenzl., 1911
Epidendrum laetum Schltr., 1919
Epidendrum fraternum Schltr., 1920
Epidendrum smithii Schltr., 1920
Epidendrum sororium Schltr., 1920
Epidendrum miquelii Schltr., 1925
Epidendrum ibaguense var. confluens (Lindl.) C.Schweinf., 1944
Like the other members of Epidendrum subgenus Amphiglotium Lindl., E. ibaguense exhibits a pseudo-monopodial growth habit: it produces a vertical stem covered with the sheathing bases of distichous leaves and without the swelling typical of the pseudobulbs found in many sympodial orchids. However, E. ibaguense is actually sympodial: the peduncle of the inflorescence, tightly covered for most of its length by thin, overlaping sheaths, is terminal, not lateral. A new growth is then (usually) produced from near the base of the old one, although E. ibaguense will frequently produce a keiki from an old inflorescence. Like the other members of Epidendrum Amphiglotium section Schistochila Rchb.f., E. ibaguense flowers are borne on a congested, successively flowering raceme at the end of a long peduncle, and have a trilobate lip that is adnate to the column to the very apex. Like the members of the subsections Carinata Rchb.f. and Tuberculata Rchb.f., the three lobes of the E. ibaguense lip are deeply fringed or lacerate. Like E. radicans, (but unlike E. secundum Jacq., E. fulgens, E. puniceoluteum, and E. cinnabarinum) the flowers of E. ibaguense are resupinate.E. ibaguense differs from E. radicans by producing most of its roots from near the bottom of the stem, and producing stems that "really stand up." Like E. secundum Jacq. and E. radicans, different individuals of E. ibaguense can produce flowers that are lavender, red, orange, or yellow.
The chromosome number of an individual collected in Serra Pacaraina, Brazil, has been determined as 2n = 70.