Harman Patil

Endemic birds of New Zealand

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Endemic birds of New Zealand

Many of New Zealand's birds are endemic to the country, that is, they are not found in any other country. Endemic species differ to native or indigenous species, in that native / indigenous species have generally, and historically, migrated to a region or country and become established over a long period of time, whereas endemic species, essentially have only ever inhabited the region or country they were first discovered in. Approximately 71% of the bird species breeding in New Zealand before humans arrived are widely accepted as being endemic.

Contents

Endemic bird areas

BirdLife International has defined the following Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) in New Zealand:

  • Auckland Islands
  • Chatham Islands
  • North Island of New Zealand
  • South Island of New Zealand
  • In addition the following are classified as secondary areas:

  • Antipodes Islands
  • Snares Islands and Stewart Island/Rakiura islets
  • Secondary areas have at least one restricted-range bird species, but do not meet the criteria for EBAs.

    List of species

    This is a list of bird species endemic to New Zealand, along with their conservation status:

    The following seabird species are endemic as breeders:

    References

    Endemic birds of New Zealand Wikipedia


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