Siddhesh Joshi

Emperor Junnin

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Reign  758–764
Mother  Tagima no Yamashiro
Successor  Empress Koken
Father  Prince Toneri
Parents  Prince Toneri
Spouse  Awata no Morone
Role  Prince
Predecessor  Koken
Name  Emperor Junnin

Emperor Junnin httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Burial  Awaji no misasagi (Hyogo)
Died  November 10, 765 AD, Awaji Island, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan
Grandparents  Emperor Tenmu, Princess Niitabe
Great-grandparents  Emperor Tenji, Emperor Tenmu, Empress Kogyoku, Emperor Jomei
Similar People  Emperor Tenmu, Emperor Jimmu, Kakuei Tanaka, Akihito, Hirohito

Emperor Junnin (淳仁天皇, Junnin-tennō, 733 – November 10, 765) was the 47th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. The seventh son of Prince Toneri and a grandson of Emperor Tenmu, his reign spanned the years 758 to 764.


Traditional narrative

Before his ascension to the throne, his name (imina) was Ōi-shinnō (Ōi-no-ō). He was the seventh son of Prince Toneri, a son of Emperor Tenmu. And although his father died when he was three, he was not given any rank or office at the court. In the older Japanese documents, he is usually referred to as Haitei (廃帝), the unthroned emperor. The posthumous name of Emperor Junnin was given by Emperor Meiji a thousand years later.

Ascension and reign

In 757 the Empress Kōken, his third cousin appointed him to be her crown prince instead of Prince Funado, who had been appointed to this position in the will of the Emperor Shōmu. In the tenth year of Kōken-tennō 's reign (称徳天皇十年), on December 7, 758 (Tenpyō-shōhō 2, 1st day of the 8th month), the empress abdicated and the succession (senso) passed to her adopted son. Shortly afterwards, Emperor Jimmu is said to have ascended to the throne (sokui). In 760 (Tenpyō-hōji 4), additional coins were put into circulation—copper coins bearing the words Mannen Ten-hō, silver coins bearing the words Teihei Genhō, and gold coins bearing the words Kaiki Shōhō.

The years of Junnin's reign, 758–765, are more specifically encompassed within a single era name or nengō.Tenpyō-hōji Junnin seemingly had very little power and was a mere figurehead. [Upclosed.come]|date=March 2013}} In 764, six years after Empress Kōken had stepped down, the former empress reclaimed the throne during the Fujiwara no Nakamaro Rebellion, forcing Junnin to abdicate.

Death and mausoleum

On November 10, 765 (Tenpyō-jingo 1, 23rd day of the 10th month), the former emperor died while in exile. The site of Junnin's actual grave is unknown, and he is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Awaji. The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Junnin's mausoleum: It is formally named Awaji no misasagi.

Though Junnin had, technically, been emperor, he was not featured on the official List of Japanese Emperors until the late nineteenth century. In 1870, Emperor Meiji conferred the posthumous name and title by which Emperor Junnin is now known. His place in the traditional order of succession was confirmed at the same time as announcements about Emperor Kōbun and Emperor Chūkyō were made public.


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. In general, this elite group included only three or four men at a time, and they were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of their careers. During Junnin's reign, this group of Daijō-kan included:

  • Taishi, Fujiwara Oshikatsu, also known as Emi no Oshikatsu (恵美押勝) (formerly Fujiwara no Nakamaro) (藤原仲麻呂).
  • Taihō, Fujiwara Oshikatsu.
  • Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara Oshikatsu.
  • Sadaijin, Fujiwara no Toyonari (藤原豊成).
  • Udaijin, Fujiwara no Toyonari (藤原豊成).
  • Naidaijin (not appointed)
  • Dainagon
  • Consorts and children

  • Awata no Morone (粟田諸姉), widow of Fujiwara no Mayori, the first son of Fujiwara no Nakamaro
  • Unknown woman
  • Princess Yamao (山於女王), Saiō in Ise Shrine 758–765
  • References

    Emperor Junnin Wikipedia

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