Siddhesh Joshi

Emilio Eduardo Massera

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Years of service  1946–1978
Role  Political figure
Rank  Admiral
Service/branch  Argentine Navy
Spouse(s)  Delia Vieyra
Allegiance  Argentina
Name  Emilio Massera

Emilio Eduardo Massera El Frente para la Victoria entre Adriana y Massera
Born  October 19, 1925 Parana, Entre Rios, Argentina (1925-10-19)
Died  November 8, 2010, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Difilm discurso emilio eduardo massera en la esma 1976


Emilio Eduardo Massera (October 19, 1925 – November 8, 2010) was an Argentine Naval military officer, and a leading participant in the Argentine coup d'état of 1976. In 1981, he was found to be a member of P2 (also known as Propaganda Due, a clandestine Masonic lodge involved in Italy's strategy of tension). Many considered Massera to have masterminded the junta's Dirty War against political opponents, which resulted in nearly 13,000 deaths and disappearances, according to official records. Human rights groups put the toll closer to 30,000.

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Emilio Eduardo Massera Argentine junta member and 39dirty war39 leader Emilio

Biography

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Coming from a Catholic family, Emilio Massera was born in Paraná, Entre Ríos, to Paula Padula and Emilio Massera, grandson of immigrants from Switzerland. Massera entered Argentina's Naval Military School in 1942, obtaining his commission as a midshipman in 1946. After the Revolución Libertadora in 1955, Massera entered the Naval Information Service. During his career he occupied different positions within the Navy, including command of the sail training ship ARA Libertad and command of the Sea Fleet in 1973. In 1974 Massera was promoted to the rank of full Admiral and became the Commander-in-Chief of the Argentine Navy, after the government sent a number of senior admirals into forced retirement.

Emilio Eduardo Massera Muere el ex dictador argentino Emilio Eduardo Massera

Between 1976 and 1978 Admiral Massera was part, together with Jorge Rafael Videla and Orlando Ramón Agosti, of the military junta that deposed President Isabel Martínez de Perón and ruled Argentina de facto during the National Reorganization Process. On September 1978 Massera stepped down from both the office of Commander-in-Chief of the Navy and from his seat in the Military Junta. In 1981 he traveled to Bucharest, Romania.

Emilio Eduardo Massera httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

After the end of the dictatorship in 1983, he was tried for human rights violations and sentenced to life imprisonment and the loss of his military grade. However, on 29 December 1990 he was pardoned by then-President Carlos Menem. Massera was free until 1998, when he was imprisoned again pending an investigation of several instances of kidnapping and suppression of identity of minors during his term, as well as orders of torture, execution, confinement in illegal detention centers and drowning of prisoners.

Emilio Eduardo Massera Adm Emilio Eduardo Massera 1925 2010 Find A Grave Memorial

He also explained the delivery of diplomatic passports to Licio Gelli, head of Propaganda Due, by stating that Gelli had "supported [us] in the struggle against subversion and in the management of the image of Argentina abroad".

Emilio Eduardo Massera Admiral Emilio Massera obituary World news The Guardian

In 2004 he suffered a cerebrovascular accident caused by a burst aneurysm, and he was admitted in the Military Hospital of Buenos Aires. As a result of the stroke, Eduardo Massera was declared legally irresponsible because of insanity on 17 March 2005, and the cases against him were suspended.

Emilio Eduardo Massera Argentine Coup Leader ExAdm Emilio Massera Dies

Massera died on November 8, 2010, of an hemorrhagic stroke in the Hospital Naval of Buenos Aires. The funeral was kept in secrecy to avoid escraches, and was attended by only 10 people, without any representation of the government or the armed forces.

References

Emilio Eduardo Massera Wikipedia


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