Myosotella myosotis, Auriculinella bidentata, Melampus, Laemodonta siamensis
Ellobiidae, common name the hollow-shelled snails, is a family of small air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the clade Eupulmonata. Ellobiidae is the only family in the superfamily Ellobioidea, according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).
In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 16 and 20 (according to the values in this table).
They have a distinctive mode of locomotion arising due to a split sole. The front part of the sole adheres to the substrate and then the rear part of the sole is drawn up to the front part.
Species are traditionally classified into five taxonomic groups, the Pythiidae, the Laemodontidae, the Melampodidae, the Ellobiidae and the Carychiidae. These taxa have been recognized either as families within Ellobioidea or as sub-families within the family Ellobiidae.
The family Ellobiidae consists of the following subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005):subfamily Ellobiinae Pfeiffer, 1854 (1822)
subfamily Carychiinae Jeffreys, 1830
subfamily Melampinae Stimpson, 1851 (1850)
subfamily Pedipedinae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1880
subfamily Pythiinae Odhner, 1925 (1880)
† subfamily Zaptychiinae Wenz, 1938
The high degree of homoplasy in morphological characters and frequent low variability has led to the description of approximately 800 species names available in the literature, of which 250 are likely to be valid.
A molecular study by Dayrat at al. (2011) for the Ellobioidea suggests a monophyletic origin of the entire group.
Genera within the family Ellobiidae include:
subfamily EllobiinaeEllobium Röding, 1798
subfamily CarychiinaeCarychium O. F. Müller, 1773
Zospeum Bourguignat, 1856
subfamily MelampinaeMelampus Montfort, 1810
subfamily PedipedinaePedipes Férussac, 1821
subfamily PythiinaeCassidula Gray, 1847
Laemodonta Philippi, 1846
Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
Pythia Röding, 1798 - type genus of the subfamily Pythiinae.
† subfamily Zaptychiinae† Zaptychius Walcott, 1883 - type genus of the subfamily
subfamily ?Allochroa Ancey, 1887
Auriculastra Martens, 1880
Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
Auriculodes Strand, 1928
Blauneria Shuttleworth, 1854
Creedonia Martins, 1996
Detracia Gray in Turton, 1840
Leuconopsis Hutton, 1884
Marinula King & Broderip, 1832
Microtralia Dall, 1894
Ophicardelus Beck, 1838
Ovatella Bivona, 1832
Pleuroloba Hyman, Rouse & Ponder, 2005
Pseudomelampus Pallary, 1900
Tralia Gray, 1840
Genera brought into synonymy
Alexia Leach in Gray, 1847: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
Auricula Lamarck, 1799: synonym of Ellobium Röding, 1798
Cremnobates Swainson, 1855: synonym of Marinula King & Broderip, 1832
Jaminia T. Brown, 1827: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
Kochia Pallary, 1900: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
Laimodonta H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855: synonym of Laemodonta Philippi, 1846
Leuconia Gray, 1840: synonym of Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
Leucopepla Peile, 1926: synonym of Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
Leucophytia Winckworth, 1949: synonym of Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
Monica H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855: synonym of Ovatella Bivona-Bernardi, 1832
Nealexia Wenz, 1920: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
Phytia: synonym of Pythia Röding, 1798
Pira H. & A. Adams, 1855: synonym of Melampus Montfort, 1810
Plecotrema H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854: synonym of Laemodonta Philippi, 1846
Rangitotoa Powell, 1933: synonym of Microtralia Dall, 1894
Genus Sarnia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 (temporary name, Sarnia [H. & A. Adams, 1855 (September), The Genera of Recent Mollusca, 2: 239] is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Siona H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 which is a junior homonym of Siona Duponchel, 1829 [Lepidoptera].)
The taxon Ellobioidea comprises a group of morphologically and ecologically highly diverse snails, known to have successfully invaded the marine, brackish water and terrestrial habitats.
These are mostly snails that live in salt marshes and similar maritime habitats, and thus have a tolerance for saline conditions.