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Ellobiidae

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Kingdom  Animalia
Phylum  Mollusca
Rank  Family
Scientific name  Ellobiidae
Higher classification  Ellobioidea
Ellobiidae wwwseashellhubcom
Superfamily  Ellobioidea Pfeiffer, 1854
Lower classifications  Myosotella myosotis, Auriculinella bidentata, Melampus, Laemodonta siamensis

Ellobiidae, common name the hollow-shelled snails, is a family of small air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the clade Eupulmonata. Ellobiidae is the only family in the superfamily Ellobioidea, according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).

Contents

Ellobiidae Ellobiidae auriculaira melampus pedipes laemodonta tralia de l

Anatomy

Ellobiidae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 16 and 20 (according to the values in this table).

Ellobiidae Snails and Slugs Gastropoda

They have a distinctive mode of locomotion arising due to a split sole. The front part of the sole adheres to the substrate and then the rear part of the sole is drawn up to the front part.

Taxonomy

Ellobiidae Ellobiidae Discover Life

Species are traditionally classified into five taxonomic groups, the Pythiidae, the Laemodontidae, the Melampodidae, the Ellobiidae and the Carychiidae. These taxa have been recognized either as families within Ellobioidea or as sub-families within the family Ellobiidae.

Ellobiidae Ellobiidae Discover Life

The family Ellobiidae consists of the following subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005):

Ellobiidae Family Ellobiidae
  • subfamily Ellobiinae Pfeiffer, 1854 (1822)
  • subfamily Carychiinae Jeffreys, 1830
  • subfamily Melampinae Stimpson, 1851 (1850)
  • subfamily Pedipedinae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1880
  • subfamily Pythiinae Odhner, 1925 (1880)
  • † subfamily Zaptychiinae Wenz, 1938
  • The high degree of homoplasy in morphological characters and frequent low variability has led to the description of approximately 800 species names available in the literature, of which 250 are likely to be valid.

    A molecular study by Dayrat at al. (2011) for the Ellobioidea suggests a monophyletic origin of the entire group.

    Genera

    Genera within the family Ellobiidae include:

    subfamily Ellobiinae

  • Ellobium Röding, 1798
  • subfamily Carychiinae

  • Carychium O. F. Müller, 1773
  • Zospeum Bourguignat, 1856
  • subfamily Melampinae

  • Melampus Montfort, 1810
  • subfamily Pedipedinae

  • Pedipes Férussac, 1821
  • subfamily Pythiinae

  • Cassidula Gray, 1847
  • Laemodonta Philippi, 1846
  • Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
  • Pythia Röding, 1798 - type genus of the subfamily Pythiinae.
  • † subfamily Zaptychiinae

  • Zaptychius Walcott, 1883 - type genus of the subfamily
  • subfamily ?

  • Allochroa Ancey, 1887
  • Auriculastra Martens, 1880
  • Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
  • Auriculodes Strand, 1928
  • Blauneria Shuttleworth, 1854
  • Creedonia Martins, 1996
  • Detracia Gray in Turton, 1840
  • Leuconopsis Hutton, 1884
  • Marinula King & Broderip, 1832
  • Microtralia Dall, 1894
  • Ophicardelus Beck, 1838
  • Ovatella Bivona, 1832
  • Pleuroloba Hyman, Rouse & Ponder, 2005
  • Pseudomelampus Pallary, 1900
  • Tralia Gray, 1840
  • Genera brought into synonymy
  • Alexia Leach in Gray, 1847: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
  • Auricula Lamarck, 1799: synonym of Ellobium Röding, 1798
  • Cremnobates Swainson, 1855: synonym of Marinula King & Broderip, 1832
  • Jaminia T. Brown, 1827: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
  • Kochia Pallary, 1900: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
  • Laimodonta H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855: synonym of Laemodonta Philippi, 1846
  • Leuconia Gray, 1840: synonym of Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
  • Leucopepla Peile, 1926: synonym of Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
  • Leucophytia Winckworth, 1949: synonym of Auriculinella Tausch, 1886
  • Monica H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855: synonym of Ovatella Bivona-Bernardi, 1832
  • Nealexia Wenz, 1920: synonym of Myosotella Monterosato, 1906
  • Phytia: synonym of Pythia Röding, 1798
  • Pira H. & A. Adams, 1855: synonym of Melampus Montfort, 1810
  • Plecotrema H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854: synonym of Laemodonta Philippi, 1846
  • Rangitotoa Powell, 1933: synonym of Microtralia Dall, 1894
  • Taxonomic note

    Genus Sarnia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 (temporary name, Sarnia [H. & A. Adams, 1855 (September), The Genera of Recent Mollusca, 2: 239] is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Siona H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 which is a junior homonym of Siona Duponchel, 1829 [Lepidoptera].)

    Ecology

    The taxon Ellobioidea comprises a group of morphologically and ecologically highly diverse snails, known to have successfully invaded the marine, brackish water and terrestrial habitats.

    These are mostly snails that live in salt marshes and similar maritime habitats, and thus have a tolerance for saline conditions.

    References

    Ellobiidae Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Auriculinella bidentata
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