Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Elenski but

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Alternative names  Elena pork leg
Region or state  Town of Elena
Main ingredients  Ham
Main ingredient  Ham
Course  Cold cuts
Serving temperature  Cold
Place of origin  Bulgaria
Elenski but httpswwwbgbakaliacomimageselenskibutjpg
Similar  Westphalian ham, Njeguška pršuta, Limerick ham, Vallée d’Aoste Jambon d, Jamón

Elenski but (Bulgarian: еленски бут or (more precisely but less commonly) бут по еленски, sometimes translated as Elena round or Elena leg) is a dry-cured ham from the town of Elena in northern Bulgaria and a popular delicacy throughout the country. The meat has a specific taste and can be preserved in the course of several years, owing much to the special process of making and the climatic conditions of the part of Stara Planina where Elena is located.


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The legs and quarters of the pig, traditionally singed and scraped, are taken from the body. Later the redundant parts are removed, so that the remaining meat is protected by hide or the skin that surrounds the muscle tissue. After the legs are shaped, they are well salted and put at the bottom of a postav, a special type of barrel designed for the occasion. The delicacy traditionally remains in salt for 40 days, then is taken out and left to get dry.

Preservation technologies

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There are various preservation technologies used to prepare elenski but that typically vary considerably from family to family, as opposed to regionally. In the past, the rounds were put in well trampled upon maize meal or processed with lime milk. The meat could also be stored in specially sewn bags of cheesecloth or wooden containers with thick nets instead of walls (muharnik), but is as a rule put somewhere airy, where the clear mountain air could aid the drying and conservation, and also in order to prevent houseflies to lay eggs on the rounds.

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In many of the small towns around Elena, the rounds were in the past left in conservation in the rooms where the daily house fire was lit, so that a certain amount of smoking could be achieved in order to add smoked flavour.

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Elenski but Elenski But Archives Veliko Tarnovo Today


Elenski but Wikipedia

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