Elena Korosteleva Wikipedia
Professor Elena Korosteleva (Belarusian: Алена Карасцелева;) is an academic researcher and principal investigator focusing on democratisation and the politics of Europe. She is an expert on the politics of Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova; as well as academic expert on the European External Action Service (EEAS), European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and Eastern Partnership (EaP). Professor Korosteleva holds doctoral degrees from the University of Bath and the Belarusian State University Minsk and was previously British Academy postdoctoral research fellow at Glasgow University.
Professor Korosteleva is currently Jean Monnet Chair and Professor of International Politics in the School of Politics and International Relations, University of Kent. Professor Korosteleva is Director (Professional Studies) of the Global Europe Centre (GEC), a member of the International Advisory Board for GLOBSEC and European Strategy Council; Professorial Fellow of the Dahrendorf Forum at the LSE and is Visiting Professor at the College of Europe and Visiting Fellow of the Belarusian State University, Minsk. Previously Korosteleva was Jean Monnet Chair and Director of the Centre for European Studies (CES), at Aberystwyth University. Professor Korosteleva has recently joined the Editorial Board of the newly launched Cambridge Journal of Eurasian Studies.
Elena Korosteleva's work centres around the critical analysis of the European Union's (EU) European External Action Service (EEAS), European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), European Neighbourhood and Partnership Initiative (ENPI) and Eastern Partnership (EaP) in relation to the Post-Soviet states of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova. She is an expert in the politics of Belarus, third wave democratisation in Eastern Europe and charismatic political leadership. She publishes extensively in monographs, academic journals, book chapters and government briefing and policy papers. Professor Korosteleva has acted as an expert for the Parliament of the United Kingdom and European Commission.
Professor Elena Korosteleva has been awarded over £4 million for the COMPASS project, funded by the Research Councils UK, Global Challenges Research Fund which aims to open up communication with academics in former Soviet states of Azerbaijan, Belarus, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan by setting up hubs of excellence in research in these countries.
She and her research partner, Professor Siddharth Saxena from Cambridge University, say this is a research initiative to empower the target countries in research, impact governance and public policy outreach. COMPASS will enable a sea change in the UK’s strategic relationship with the region.
The University of Kent and their Co-Investigators, Cambridge Central Asia Forum (Jesus College) and the Centre for Development Studies, University of Cambridge, have years of experience in collaborating with the region in supporting their research.
It is hoped that building these links will also foster other types of cooperation – economic, political and diplomatic.
Korosteleva, working with colleagues from the Belarusian State University and University of Kent is project lead for an Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility project to support bilateral student and staff mobility between the Belarusian State University and Kent and the first large-scale mobility and cooperation programme between Higher Education Institutions in the UK and Belarus.
Korosteleva, working with Dr Piret Ehin of the Centre for EU-Russia Studies (CEURUS) at the University of Tartu, Estonia and Professor Stefan Hedlund of Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Uppsala University has received funding from the European Commission for a three-year, €1million, EU Horizon 2020 twinning project entitled UPTAKE (UPpsala, TArtu, KEnt).
The project is designed to increase research productivity and excellence and promote international visibility and integration of the three universities in the field of Russian and East European Studies by creating a dynamic, comprehensive, open and sustainable framework for cooperation and transfer of knowledge. Specifically, the project includes the launch of an ambitious new academic conference series, the organization of four international summer and winter schools, extensive inter-institutional mobility, joint supervision of doctoral students and postdoctoral fellows, coordinated promotion of research outputs, joint conceptualization and launch of new collaborative research projects, as well as extensive dissemination and communication measures.
Korosteleva and her team of doctoral students' evidence, submitted to the United Kingdom House of Lords European Union Committee was cited in the report Europe in the world: Towards a more effective EU foreign and security strategy. The committee noted:
46. It became clear in the course of our inquiry into EU-Russia relations that the current confrontation is driven both by Russian domestic and political considerations and the geopolitical ambitions of the current Russian administration. Even a settlement in Ukraine will not guarantee that the Union will be able return to harmonious relations with Russia. Therefore, the future of EU-Russia relations, the security of neighbours such as Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova, as well as the long-term alignment of countries such as Azerbaijan and Armenia—neither of which, in the words of Professor Elena Korosteleva, Mr Igor Merheim-Eyre, Ms Eske Van Gils and Ms Irena Mnatsakanyan, Global Europe Centre, University of Kent, “enjoys very close relations with the EU”—remain in the balance.
Professor Korosteleva was commissioned by the Slovak Atlantic Commission as principal investigators to undertake a nationwide representative survey in Moldova between 19 October and 7 November 2013 aimed at measuring public knowledge, perceptions and preferences in relation to the EU and its policies.
The key findings suggest public support of the EU and its policies has slightly eroded, which is reflected in the respondents' perceptions, levels of interest, attitudes and behavioural preferences. The EU remains attractive for Moldova - but is not a default option yet. It requires continuous reinforcement: the fear of uncertainty and negative anticipations of change currently prevail in public perceptions of the EU, causing a loss of trust, and reciprocity in EU-Moldova relations. The Eurasian Customs Union (ECU), on the contrary, tends to be seen as a model which may potentially offer a quick-fix solution for stability, prosperity and security
Professor Korosteleva was commissioned by the Office for Democratic Belarus as principal investigators to undertake a nationwide representative survey in Belarus between 20 May and 4 June 2013 focusing on the country's relations with the EU and the (Eurasian) Customs Union (ECU); as well as public perceptions, values, and attitudes towards the afore-mentioned entities.
Three particular trends are observable in Belarus's public relations:Comparative trends demonstrate a positive and substantive shift in public attitudes towards the EU; reflected in higher levels of awareness, more knowledge about EU structures and policies, more interest in EU affairs, more perceivable commonalities with the EU as a polity, more appreciation of EU support, and most importantly, identity-based preferences developing in relation to the latter.
At the same time, normative underpinnings of public behaviour remain firmly rooted in cultural traditions and historical legacies of the past.
Levels of awareness about the (Eurasian) Customs Union (ECU) are relatively high (90%). Importantly, the majority of respondents see the ECU as more relevant in addressing immediate economic and energy security concerns.
Elena Korosteleva's primary research focus is on the conceptual and methodological limitations of the Eastern Partnership initiative, especially concerning the notion of partnership, as the focal point of the initiative. Through a major ESRC research project she examines the EU's relations with Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova in contrast to the international relations approach adopted by Russia. She notes that the top-down EU-centric governance approach (based on EU rule and norm transfer) clashes with the notion of partnership, which is based on reciprocal exchange and cooperation on issues of mutual interest.
Research findings from the ESRC project "Europeanizing or Securitizing the 'outsiders'? Assessing the EU's partnership-building approach with Eastern Europe
Dr Korosteleva's research of the existing EU practices in Eastern Europe has so far revealed two-level tensions.
First, from the examination of official documents, elite interviews and public surveys across the EU border, it has transpired that conceptually the EU has limited uniform awareness of what it is trying to promote in its eastern neighbourhood under the aegis of ‘shared values’, ‘collective norms’ and ‘joint ownership’. Not only is there a discrepancy in the EU's own rhetoric – juxtaposing its ‘universalist’ values of democracy, human rights and the rule of law (Europeanisation), with its ‘realist’ security ‘needs’ to protect its borders and safeguard its own citizenry (securitisation); there is also an evident clash of the EU's vision of good governance with what the neighbours perceive to be such, stemming from their own unique historical experiences and cultural traditions.
Second, empirically, the EU seems to favour a ‘top-down’ governance approach (based on rule/norm transfer and conditionality) in its relations with outsiders, which is clearly at odds with a voluntary idea of ‘partnership’, and explicitly limits the input of ‘the other’ in the process of reform. In the absence of a workable notion of partnership, external governance (unintentionally) circumscribes the EU's actions to the EU-centred vision of governance, without necessarily connecting it to the ‘visions’ and ‘needs’ of the partner states. Consequently, without the substantive knowledge of its partners, the EU encounters protraction even from the most ‘enthusiastic’ neighbours, such as Moldova and Ukraine; and resistance from those who are not sufficiently motivated by the ‘universal’ appeal of EU governance.
Korosteleva's The European Union and its Eastern Neighbours: Towards a more ambitious partnership? (2012) explores the EU's relations with its eastern neighbours. Based on the extensive original research – including surveys, focus-groups, a study of school essays and in-depth interviews with key people in Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Russia and in Brussels - it assesses why the EU's initiatives have received limited legitimacy in the neighbourhood has been so poorly received.
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) of 2004, and the subsequent Eastern Partnership (EaP) of 2009 heralded a new form of relations with the EU's neighbours – partnership based on joint ownership and shared values – which would complement if not entirely replace the EU's traditional governance framework used for enlargement. These initiatives, however, have received a mixed response from the EU's eastern neighbours. It shows how the key elements of "partnership" have been forged mainly by the EU, rather than jointly, and examines the idea and application of external governance, and how this has been over-prescriptive and confusing.
Korosteleva's second major publication from this research is an edited volume entitled Eastern Partnership: A New Opportunity for the Neighbours? (2011). This book, written in partnership with in country experts, offers a collective assessment of the development and impact of the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership Initiative on its eastern neighbours – Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova in particular, with Russia's added perspective. The volume uniquely bridges the perspectives of all parties across the EU's eastern border, in an attempt to understand advantages and problems related to the effective implementation of the EU policies in the eastern region. The undertaken research points to the prevalence of the top-down and conditional governance approach in EU treatment of the outsiders, which is not only Eurocentric and prescriptive in nature, but also falls short of the declared partnership principles. Without the understanding of partners’ internal dilemmas and needs, which could only be achieved through the equivalence and reciprocity of partnership, the EU would struggle to make the policy effective and legitimate in the region, and to buttress its reputation as a ‘credible force for good’ on the international arena.
Korosteleva working with Derek Hutcheson (eds) explore how the countries of the former Eastern Bloc and Soviet Union have exhibited remarkable diversity in their post-communist regime paths in The Quality of Democracy in Post-Communist Europe (2005). They argue that whereas some states have become demonstrably more democratic and have moved in the space of fifteen years from the periphery to the centre of European politics, in others the political and economic climates seem hardly to be better, and their societies no more free, than in the final years of the Cold War. Assessing progress towards democracy in the former Eastern Bloc – or the lack of it – requires a qualitative examination of post-communist polities. This research brings together a number of perspectives, both macro and micro-analytical, on the 'quality' of democracy in post-communist Europe.
Korosteleva with Colin Lawson and Rosalind Marsh (eds) argue in Contemporary Belarus between Democracy and Dictatorship (2003) that Belarus is unique among the states of the former Soviet bloc, in that after a decade of transition', the country remains stalled' and backward-oriented. Political and economic changes are characterised by half-measures, and recently a new suppression of dissent has been introduced; the country balances between the prospect of democracy and a retreat to authoritarianism. These developments contrast starkly with the many democratic changes in neighbouring states and suggest a possible alternative path for future development in Eastern Europe. Korosteleva provides a thorough overview of current developments in Belarus. It looks at historical, political, economic and social changes, and at international relations, especially relations with Russia and the European Union, considering all these factors both in their domestic and international contexts and defines the type of democracy, if any, which exists in Belarus, exploring the prospects for further democratisation.
Korosteleva with Stephen White and John Lowenhardt (eds) continue the analysis of Belarusian politics in Post Communist Belarus (2005). They note that Belarus is one of the least studied European states to emerge from the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. In fact, few Western specialists paid much attention to its affairs during the Soviet era. Nevertheless, Belarus constitutes an important and sensitive border region between Russia and the western part of the continent. In Postcommunist Belarus, a stellar group of contributors examines the issues and the search for identity that Belarus has confronted in the period leading up to and following independence. The country is run in an authoritarian fashion by President Alexander Lukashenko and many observers, both inside and outside Belarus, would use the term "dictatorship" to describe his rule. Belarusian authorities prefer to emphasize the strong support of the people for the president and his cautious approach to economic reform. It seems unlikely that the country can hold out permanently against the wider pressures of democratization and economic reform that are transforming its neighbors. The country's situation offers political scientists many facets for comparison with established models. Belarus is grappling with challenges that are conceptual and psychological as much as they are political, economic, and social.
Elena Korosteleva is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA) and was awarded the Higher Education Academy BISA-CSAP Teaching Award for Excellence in Teaching International Studies in 2009;.
Elena Korosteleva has published on pedagogical enhancement of teaching and learning in higher education using threshold knowledge.
Dr Korosteleva has undertaken research, funded by the Higher Education Academy Subject Centre for Sociology, Anthropology and Politics (C-SAP) on emergent learning.‘The European Union, Russia and the Eastern region: The analytics of government for sustainable cohabitation’ Cooperation and Conflict, published online 7 March 2016
‘The European Union and Belarus: democracy promotion by technocratic means?’ Democratization, 22(3) June 2015
‘The Eastern Dimension of the European Neighbourhood Policy: practices, instruments and social structures’, special issue, ‘The ENP in the Eastern Region: the practices perspective’, East European Politics, 29(3) September 2013: 257-73
‘Questioning Democracy Promotion: Belarus’ Response to the Coloured Revolutions’, Special Issue, Democratization, Volume 19, Number 1, 1 February 2012, pp. 37–59(23)
‘Belarus’ Foreign Policy in the Times of Crisis’, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Special Issue, 27(3/4) September 2011: 566-86
‘Change or Continuity: Is the Eastern Partnership an Adequate Tool for the European Neighbourhood’, International Relations, 25(2) June 2011: 243-62
‘Eastern Partnership: a New Opportunity for the Neighbours?’, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Special Issue, 27(1) 2011: 1-21
‘Moldova's European Choice: Between Two Stools’, Europe-Asia Studies, 61(8) 2010: 1267-89
‘Threshold Concepts through Enactive Learning: How Effective are they in the Study of European Politics?’ International Studies Perspectives, Vol. 10, No.1, February 2010: 37-50
‘The Limits of the EU Governance: Belarus’ Response to the European Neighbourhood Policy’, Contemporary Politics, 15 (2) 2009: 229-45
‘Changing Belarus? The Limits of EU Governance in Eastern Europe’, Cooperation and Conflict, 44 (2) 2009: 143-165 (with G. Bosse)
‘Was it a Quiet Revolution? Belarus after the 2006 Presidential Election’, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Special Issue, 25 (2 & 3) 2009: 324-346
‘The parliamentary election and referendum in Belarus, October 2004’, Electoral Studies, Vol.25 2006, pp. 147–191 (with S. White)
'Values in the New Europe, Special Issue, Contemporary Politics, 12(2) 2006 (co-edited with D. Hutcheson)
‘Can theories of social capital explain dissenting patterns of engagement in the new Europe?’, Special Issue, Journal of Contemporary Politics, 12(2) 2006, pp. 175–191
'Patterns of participation in post-communist politics: Russia, Belarus and Ukraine since 1989', Journal of Comparative European Politics, Vol.4(1), March 2006, pp. 23–46 (with D. Hutcheson)
'The Quality of Democracy in Post-Communist Europe', Special Issue, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, 20(1), 2004 (co-edited with D. Hutcheson)
‘The quality of democracy in Belarus and Ukraine’, Special Issue, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Vol. 20 (1), 2004, pp. 122–43
‘Is Belarus a demagogical democracy?’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 16(3), 2003, pp. 527–35
‘Democratic authoritarianism: public preferences in Belarus and its neighbours’, Northwestern Journal of International Affairs, Spring 2003, Vol.5, p. 31-39
‘Electoral volatility in post-Communist Belarus: explaining the paradox’, Party Politics, 2000, 6(3): 343-358
‘A sudii kto? Sotciologicheskii analiz politicheskogo polya sovremennogo Belaruskogo obschestva’ [What are the judges? The sociological analysis of the political field of modern Belarusian society], Sotciologiya [Sociology] 1, 1997, pp. 71–75
‘Filosophiya bezlikogo obschestva: Sotsiologicheskii analiz polya politiki’ [Philosophy of the ‘faceless’ society: A sociological analysis of the field of politics], Gumanitarno-Economicheskii Vestnik [Humanities and Economic Review] 3, 1996, pp. 47–51
Single authored booksKorosteleva, E.A, (2012),The European Union and its Eastern Neighbours: Towards a more ambitious partnership? London: BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies, ISBN 0-415-61261-6
Korosteleva, E.A, (1997), Intellektual v socio-kul’turnom kontekste sovremennogo obschestva: dialektika proshlogo i budushchego [The Intellectual in a socio-cultural context of the modern society: the dialectics of the past and the future], ISBN 985-6390-07-9 Minsk: VEDY,(soft cover)
Korosteleva E.A, (Ed.), (2011), Eastern Partnership: A New Opportunity for the Neighbours?, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-67607-X
Korosteleva E.A, (Ed.), (2011), Vostochnoe Partnerstvo: problemy i perspektivy [Eastern Partnership: problems and perspectives], Minsk: Belarusian State University, ISBN 978-985-491-088-8
(with) Natorski, M. and Simao, L.(Eds.), (2014), EU Policies in the Eastern Neighbourhood: the practices perspective, London: Routledge, ISBN 0415720575
(with) Hutcheson, D. (Eds.,),(2006), The Quality of Democracy in Post-Communist Europe, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-34807-2
(with) White, S. and Löwenhardt, J. (Eds.), (2005), Postcommunist Belarus, N.Y. & Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield, ISBN 0-7425-3555-X
(with) Marsh, R and Lawson, C. (Eds.), (2003), Contemporary Belarus: Between Democracy and Dictatorship, London: RoutledgeCurzon, ISBN 0-7007-1613-0
"EU and Russia: Prospects for Cohabitation in the Contested Region, in Lane, D and Samokhvalov, V., (eds.), The Eurasian Project and Europe: Regional Discontinuities and Geopolitics, (London: Palgrave, 2015)
"The EU and its Eastern Neighbours: why ‘othering’ matters", in Nicolaidis, K. and B. Sebe (eds.), Echoes of Empire: Echoes of Empire: Memory, Identity and the Legacy of Imperialism (London: Tauris, 2015)
"Belarus: Neither with the EU nor the ECU?", in Dutkiewicz, P., Sakwa, R. et al. (eds.) Eurasia – From Contested Concept to Emerging Integration (London: Routledge, 2014)
"Questioning Democracy Promotion: Belarus’ Response to the Coloured Revolutions", in Finkel, E. and Brudny, Y. (eds.) Coloured Revolutions and Authoritarian Reactions (Yale University Press, 2014)
"Belarus : political party system", in Sagar, D (ed.) Political Parties of the World (London : Harper Publishers, 2008), 7th edition
"Party system development in Belarus 1988-2001: Myths and Realities", in Kulik, A. and Pshizova, S (eds.) Political Parties in Post-Soviet Space: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, and the Baltics ( London : Praeger Publishers, 2005), pp. 59–75. ISBN 0-275-97344-1
(with Rontoyanni, C.) "Belarus: an authoritarian exception from the model of post-communist democratic transition?", in Flockhart, T.(ed.) Socializing Democratic Norms: The Role of International Organisations for the Construction of Europe (London: Palgrave, 2005), pp. 202–232. ISBN 1-4039-4521-7
"Why Belarus is unique: explaining institutional and electoral allegiances", in Elo, K and Ruutu, K. (eds.) Russia and the CIS – Janus-faced Democracies (Helsinki : Kikimora Publications, 2005), pp. 89–107. ISBN 952-10-2586-7
"Belarus : political party system", in Szajkowski, B (ed.) Political Parties of the World (London : Harper Publishers, 2004), 6th edition, pp. 52–56. ISBN 0-9543811-4-9
"Political leadership and public support in Belarus : Forward to the past?", in Lewis, A. (ed.) The EU and Belarus: Between Moscow and Brussels (London: Kogan Page, 2002), pp. 51–71 ISBN 1-903403-02-2
"Perspectives on democratic party development in Belarus ", in Lewis, P. (ed.) Party Development and Democratic Change in Post-Communist Europe – the First Decade (London: Frank Cass, 2001), pp. 141–152 ISBN 0-7146-5155-9
The EU and Belarus: seizing the opportunity Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies, November 2016.
EU-Russia relations in the context of the eastern neighbourhood Bertelsmann Stiftung, May 2015.
'Moldova's Focus Groups: Widening a European Dialogue in Moldova' Global Europe Centre survey brief, May 2014
‘Moldova’s Values Survey: Widening a European Dialogue in Moldova’, Global Europe Centre survey brief, January 2014
‘Building a Stronger Eastern Partnership: Towards an EaP 2.0’, Global Europe Centre policy paper (with R. Whitman and T. Casier), October 2013
‘Belarus and Eastern Partnership: a national values survey’, Global Europe Centre survey brief, September 2013
Elena Korosteleva: "Othering is still missing from the EU discourse and practices", Slovak Atlantic Commission interview, published on 3 December 2015
‘The EU has successfully pursued a strategy of democracy promotion by technocratic means in Belarus’, European Politics and Policy Blog, London School of Economics, published on 6 October 2014
'Russia’s borders: while Moldova shivers, is Belarus beginning to thaw?’, with Andrew Wilson, The Conversation: academic rigour - journalistic flair, published on 8 October 2014