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Eleanor of Anjou

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Father  Charles II of Naples
Mother  Mary of Hungary

Name  Eleanor Anjou
House  Capetian House of Anjou
Eleanor of Anjou
Tenure  17 May 1302 – 25 June 1337
Issue Among Others  Peter II of Sicily Manfred, Duke of Athens and Neopatria Constance, Queen of Cyprus Elisabeth, Duchess of Bavaria William, Prince of Taranto John, Duke of Randazzo
Died  August 9, 1341, Catania, Italy
Spouse  Frederick III of Sicily (m. 1302), Philip de Toucy (m. 1299)
Children  Peter II of Sicily, John, Duke of Randazzo
Parents  Charles II of Naples, Mary of Hungary, Queen of Naples
Similar People  Blanche of Anjou, Charles Martel of Anjou, Robert - King of Naples, Peter III of Aragon, Charles I of Naples

Eleanor of Anjou (August 1289 – 9 August 1341) was the Queen consort of Frederick III of Sicily. She was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou by birth.

She was the third daughter of Charles II of Naples and Mary of Hungary.

Eleanor was firstly married in 1299 to Philip de Toucy, son of Narjot de Toucy and Lucia of Tripoli. Their marriage was dissolved on 17 January 1300 by Pope Boniface VIII because they were related and had not sought permission from the pope to marry.

On 17 May 1302, Eleanor married secondly to Frederick III of Sicily. Her father and her new husband had been engaged in a war for ascendancy in the Mediterranean Sea and especially Sicily and the Mezzogiorno. The marriage was part of a diplomatic effort to establish peaceful relations which would lead to the Peace of Caltabellotta (19 August 1302).

The peace divided the old Kingdom of Sicily into an island portion and a peninsular portion. The island, called the Kingdom of Trinacria, went to Frederick, who had been ruling it, and the Mezzogiorno, called the Kingdom of Sicily contemporaneously, but called the Kingdom of Naples by modern scholarship, went to Charles II, who had been ruling it. Thus, the peace was formal recognition of an uneasy status quo.

Eleanor and Frederick had nine children:

  • Peter II of Sicily (1304–1342), successor
  • Roger (born 1305), died young
  • Manfred, Duke of Athens and Neopatria (1306–1317), Duke of Athens and Neopatria
  • Constance, married on December 29, 1331 to Leo IV of Armenia
  • Elisabeth (1310–1349), married (1328) Stephen II of Bavaria (also known as Isabella)
  • William, Prince of Taranto (1312–1338), Prince of Taranto, Duke of Athens and Neopatria
  • Giovanni di Randazzo (1317–1348), Duke of Randazzo, Duke of Athens and Neopatria, Regent of Sicily (from 1338)
  • Catherine (1320–1342)
  • Margaret (1331–1360), married (1348) Rudolf II of the Palatinate
  • Eleanor died on the 9 August 1341 at the Monastery of San Nicolo di Arena (Catania), she had been a widow since 1337. She was buried at a Franciscan monastery in Catania.

    References

    Eleanor of Anjou Wikipedia


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