Rahul Sharma

Dysoxylum rufum

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Kingdom  Plantae
Genus  Dysoxylum
Rank  Species
Family  Meliaceae
Scientific name  Dysoxylum rufum
Order  Sapindales
Dysoxylum rufum Dysoxylum rufum Noosa39s Native Plants
Similar  Dysoxylum, Dysoxylum mollissimum subsp m, Dysoxylum fraserianum, Guioa semiglauca, Cryptocarya obovata

Dysoxylum rufum is a rainforest tree in the Mahogany family, found in eastern Australia. It occurs on a variety of different soils and rainforest types. From as far south as Bulahdelah, New South Wales to the McIlwraith Range in far north eastern Australia. The specific epithet rufum refers to the rusty red of the leaf, fruit and flower hairs of this species.

Contents

Dysoxylum rufum Factsheet Dysoxylum rufum

Common names

Dysoxylum rufum Dysoxylum rufum The oldest tree in our garden is a mature Flickr

Dysoxylum rufum is known variously by the common names Australian mahogany, bastard pencil cedar, false rosewood, hairy rosewood, rusty mahogany, red bean, red heart, and rusty bean.

Description

Dysoxylum rufum Toowoomba Plants Hairy Rosewood

Usually a small to medium-sized tree. Though it reaches 40 metres tall with a stem diameter of 90 cm at Murray Scrub.

Leaves

Dysoxylum rufum httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Leaflets are nearly opposite on the stem, without serrations. Asymmetrical at the leaf base. Leaflets 5 to 17 cm long. Lanceolate to broad lanceolate in shape with a fine point at the leaf tip. Unusually, the leaflets are a dull green above the leaf, and a brighter green below. Hairy under the leaf. Leaflet stalks 2 to 3 mm long, but much longer for the terminal leaflet, where it is up to 25 mm long. The compound leaf contains around 19 leaflets. With a stalk 4 to 10 cm long.

Flowers, fruit and regeneration

Dysoxylum rufum Factsheet Dysoxylum rufum

Pleasantly scented white flowers form on panicles from December to February. The panicles form from the leaf axils. And when mature, the flower scent becomes less pleasant. The flower calyx is hairy.

Dysoxylum rufum Factsheet Dysoxylum rufum

The fruit is a round yellowish capsule, around 2 cm in diameter, mostly five-valved. Also covered with hairs which can irritate the skin. Seeds inside the capsule are cream, irregular in shape, and about 5 mm in diameter. Fruit ripens from April to December. Regeneration from fresh seed is relatively swift and reliable, taking as little as three weeks. After eight weeks, germination should be complete with good results.

Timber

Onion scented wood. Mostly white with a red heartwood core which resembles the related Red Bean. Timber is vulnerable to attack from the lyctus borer.

References

Dysoxylum rufum Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Cryptocarya obovata
Dysoxylum
Dysoxylum fraserianum
Topics