Samiksha Jaiswal

Dutch ship Staaten Generaal

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Name  Staaten Generaal
Commissioned  1786
Renamed  Bato in 1798
Launched  1786
Name  Staaten Generaal
Fate  Burned in 1806
Dutch ship Staaten Generaal httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The Staaten Generaal was a Dutch 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the navy of the Dutch Republic and the Batavian Republic. The order to construct the ship was given by the Admiralty of the Meuse. The ship was commissioned in 1786.

In 1795, the ship was commissioned in the Batavian Navy.

On 11 October 1797 the Staaten Generaal took part in the Battle of Camperdown as the flagship of Vice-Admiral Samuel Story. The ship was engaged by HMS Venerable, Admiral Adam Duncan's flagship, and caught fire twice. The fire was extinguished both times, but the Staaten Generaal drifted away from the battle and didn't manage continue the fight in a favourable position. On the morning of 12 October she escaped to Texel with the remainder of the Dutch fleet, consisting of the ships Leyden, Beschermer, Batavier, Embuscade, Heldin, Waakzaamheid, Minerva, Ajax and Daphné.

In 1798, the name was changed to Bato. The ship sailed to the Cape Colony in 1802, after which she sailed on to Batavia. Upon her return to the Cape, she turned out to be in poor condition, and was turned into a hulked gun platform. She was anchored in Simon's Bay to guard approaches to the naval base. When the Dutch were defeated in the Battle of Blaauwberg, Bato was burned and scuttled to prevent her from falling in the hands of the enemy.

British Commodore Sir Home Popham, in a letter published in the London Gazette, reported ”French Ship Atalante, of 40 Guns, and Batavian Ship Bato, of 68 Guns: Destroyed by the Enemy running them on Shore when the Cape was attacked, January 10, 1806.”

Post-script

The wreck of the Bato was recently discovered.

References

Dutch ship Staaten Generaal Wikipedia


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