Samiksha Jaiswal

Durham Miners' Association

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Founded  1869
Country  United Kingdom
Members  80,000 (1900)
Durham Miners' Association
Full name  Durham Miners' Association
Affiliation  National Union of Mineworkers, Miners' Federation of Great Britain
Key people  William Crawford (General Secretary and President), John Wilson (General Secretary and Treasurer), W. P. Richardson (General Secretary), Peter Lee (General Secretary), John Swan (General Secretary), Sam Watson (General Secretary and Treasurer), William House (President), James Robson (President), John Johnson (Treasurer)

The Durham Miners' Association (DMA) is a trade union in the United Kingdom.

Contents

History

The union was founded in 1869 and its membership quickly rose to 4,000, but within a year had fallen back to 2,000. In December 1870, William Crawford became the union's President, and was able to rebuild its membership, the DMU soon becoming the largest miners' union in the UK.

The union saw rapid success, with the abolition of the unpopular Yearly Bond in 1872, while a short strike in 1874 began a process of agreeing wages across the county. A longer strike in 1879 was unsuccessful in preventing cuts to wages, but action in 1890 ensured that the district was the first in the county to adopt a standard seven-hour day. The prolonged strike of 1892 against a proposed 15% cut in wages ended with an agreement to accept a 10% cut.

In these early days, the DMA was part of the Miners' National Union, and supported Lib-Lab candidates; both Crawford and John Wilson serving local constituencies. Although the union affiliated to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB) in 1892, it was expelled the following year after refusing to join the national strike. It again attempted to join in 1897, but asked to be bound only on questions of wages, which was not permitted. In particular, the Durham union opposed the Eight Hours Bill, which was strongly promoted by the MFGB. The union finally joined the MFGB in 1908, following the passage of the Eight Hours Bill. In addition, by 1900, membership had risen to 80,000.

The union became the Durham Area of the National Union of Mineworkers in 1945 and is now the North East Area of the NUM, although it retains its name and identity.

General Secretaries

1869: John Richardson 1870: A. Cairns 1871: William Crawford 1890: William Hammond Patterson 1896: John Wilson 1915: Thomas Cann 1924: W. P. Richardson 1930: Peter Lee 1935: John Swan 1945: Sam Watson 1963: Alfred Hesler 1970: J.C. (Kit) Robinson 1972: W. Malt 1979: Tom Callan 1985: David Hopper

2016 ; Alan john Cummings

Presidents

1869: William Crake 1870: William Crawford 1871: John Forman 1900: William House 1917: James Robson 1935: James Gilliland 1945: Edward Moore 1953: James Kelly 1961: Charles Pick 1967: J.C. (Kit) Robinson 1970: Walter Malt 1972: Tom Callan 1979: Harold Mitchell 1985: David Guy 2012: Alan Cummings 2016: Joseph Whitworth

Treasurers

1869: Nicholas Wilkinson 1882: John Wilson 1886: William Hammond Patterson 1890: John Johnson 1896: Thomas Cann 1915: Thomas Trotter 1932: Sam Watson

References

Durham Miners' Association Wikipedia


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