Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) was launched by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 1 May 2015, replacing the "Bachat Lamp Yojana". Within 1 year of its launch, 9 crore LED bulbs were sold in the country, reducing their electricity bills by ₹55 billion (US$820 million).
The scheme was announced as "Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP)" on 5 January 2015, urging the people to use LED bulbs in place of incandescent bulbs, tube lights and CFL bulbs as they are more efficient, long lasting and economical in their life cycle duration.
Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) is promoted by Ministry of Power, Government of India as a Joint Venture company of four Central Power Sector undertakings viz. NTPC Ltd, PFC, REC, and Power Grid. EESL was set up to create and sustain markets for energy efficiency in the country. EESL registered as a company on 10th December 2009 and started operation on 11 February 2011. EESL works closely with the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and is leading the market related activities of the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE), one of the 8 national missions under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s National Action Plan on climate change.
Energy Efficient Lighting Programme first launched in Puducherry on February 7, 2014. The project implemented in co ordination with DISCOMs where about 6.5 lakhs bulbs replaced. Its estimated 40.11 Million units per annum saved by this project.
After 2014 general election Energy Efficient Lighting Programme shuffled and rebranded as Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme under new government in 2015.
"Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA)" launched on 1 May 2015. The scheme was announced as "Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP)" on 5 January 2015, urging the people to use LED bulbs in place of incandescent bulbs, tube lights and CFL bulbs as they are more efficient, long lasting and economical in their life cycle duration.
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy stopped the subsidy on CFL-based solar lighting system to encourage the use of the LED version. The scheme was implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) (under the Ministry of Power).
The government's target is to replace 77 crore incandescent bulbs in India with LEDs by 2019 leading to an expected reduction in installed load of 20,000 MW with an annual estimated savings of over 100 million kwh and an annual reduction of ₹400 billion (US$5.9 billion) in electricity bills. And as of January 2017, 21 crores of LED bulbs have been distributed across the country
The programme was launched in July and reached the one-crore LED milestone on 9 August 2015. The total replacement has helped energy saving of more than 1.4 crore units per day. It has also helped to avoid peak demand of 1,326 MW and ₹5.56 crore (US$830,000) in cost savings per day, leading to substantial reduction in carbon emissions. Within 1 year of its launch, 9 crore LED bulbs were sold in the country, reducing their electricity bills by ₹55 billion (US$820 million). Andhra Pradesh led by distributing 1.89 crore LEDs followed by Maharashtra (1.68 crore) and Karnataka (83 lakh).
It has been adopted by over 2.3 crore people across 11 states in the country. The number of LED bulbs distributed increased to seven crores by 1 March 2016.
As of 5 December 2016, a total of 18 crore LED Bulbs have been distributed under the scheme. This led to a savings of 64.5 GWh per day in energy and ₹25.8 crore (US$3.8 million) per day in cost and a per day reduction of 52,278 t of CO2.
EESL, a joint venture of state-run power companies, is implementing the project and has achieved 75% reduction in the price of LED bulbs through a combination of aggressive and transparent procurement process and passing on this benefit to consumers.
"Bachat Lamp Yojana" was a launched by the government of India on 25 February 2009 to reduce the cost of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs, i.e., energy saving lights) sold to consumers. Implemented through the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in India's Ministry of Power, the program's goal was to deliver CFLs at the cost of normal lightbulbs. The difference in cost will be covered by the sale of Certified Emission Reduction(CER) Units under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.