Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Diplogasteridae

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Subclass  Plectia
Suborder  Diplogasterina
Phylum  Nematoda
Order  Diplogasterida
Class  Chromadorea
Superorder  Rhabditida
Superfamily  Diplogasteroidea
Rank  Family
Diplogasteridae entnemifasufledunguyenmorphgasterfigure20jpg
Similar  Pristionchus, Pristionchus pacificus, Rhabditidae, Diplogasterida, Rhabditida

Diplogastridae, formerly Diplogasteridae, are a family of nematodes (roundworms) known from a wide range of habitats, often in commensal or parasitic associations with insects.

Contents

Description

Diplogastrid nematodes are characterized by a distinct "two-lobed" pharynx (hence their name from the Greek διπλόος = "double" and γαστήρ = "stomach"), the second (posterior) lobe being composed mostly of glandular tissue. Most known species also have at least one tooth, which has presumably allowed them to access many new food sources compared with the related nematodes of Rhabditidae (including Caenorhabditis elegans), most species of which feed on bacteria. Several diplogastrid species also have a polyphenism in their mouthparts, allowing resource specialization within species. The wide array of feeding modes in Diplogastridae is reflected by the relatively high diversity and complexity of their mouth structures, which show accelerated rates of evolution in comparison with Rhabditidae.

Among Diplogastridae is the nematode Pristionchus pacificus, a model organism for comparative developmental biology.

Genera

  • Acrostichus
  • Allodiplogaster
  • Anchidiplogaster
  • Butlerius
  • Cephalobium
  • Cutidiplogaster
  • Demaniella
  • Diplogaster
  • Diplogasteroides
  • Diplogastrellus
  • Fictor
  • Formicodiplogaster (Fossil, Dominican Amber)
  • Goffartia
  • Heteropleuronema
  • Hugotdiplogaster
  • Koerneria
  • Leptojacobus
  • Levipalatum
  • Longibucca
  • Mehdinema
  • Micoletzkya
  • Mononchoides
  • Oigolaimella
  • Neodiplogaster
  • Parapristionchus
  • Parasitodiplogaster
  • Paroigolaimella
  • Pristionchus
  • Pseudodiplogasteroides
  • Rhabditidoides
  • Rhabditolaimus
  • Sachsia
  • Sudhausia
  • Teratodiplogaster
  • Tylopharynx
  • References

    Diplogasteridae Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Diplogasterida
    Pristionchus
    Pristionchus pacificus
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