Neha Patil (Editor)

Dinosauromorpha

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Kingdom  Animalia
Clade  Ornithodira
Higher classification  Ornithodira
Phylum  Chordata
Scientific name  Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauromorpha dinosauromorpha DeviantArt
Clade  Dinosauromorpha Benton, 1984
Similar  Dinosaur, Dinosauriformes, Archosaur, Ornithodira, Avemetatarsalia

Dinosauromorpha is a clade of archosaurs that includes the clade Dinosauria (dinosaurs), and other closely related animals. Birds are the only surviving dinosauromorphs.

Contents

Dinosauromorpha Spinops July 2015

Etymology

Dinosauromorpha Spinops July 2015

The name was coined by Michael J. Benton in 1984. The first clade definitions were by Paul Sereno in 1991 who defined the concept as a node clade: the last common ancestor of Lagerpeton chanarensis, Marasuchus lilloensis, Pseudolagosuchus major and the Dinosauria (including Aves) and all its descendants.

Origins

Dinosauromorphs appeared by the Anisian stage of the Middle Triassic around 242 to 244 million years ago, splitting from other ornithodires. Early Triassic footprints reported in October 2010 from the Świętokrzyskie (Holy Cross) Mountains of Poland may belong to a dinosauromorph. If so, the origin of dinosauromorphs would be pushed back into the Early Olenekian, around 249 Ma. The oldest Polish footprints are from a small quadrupedal animal named Prorotodactylus, but footprints belonging to the ichnogenus Sphingopus that have been found from Early Anisian strata show that moderately large bipedal dinosauromorphs had appeared by 246 Ma. The tracks show that the dinosaur lineage appeared soon after the Permian-Triassic extinction event. Their age suggests that the rise of dinosaurs was slow and drawn out across much of the Triassic.

Dinosauromorpha Spinops July 2015

Basal forms include Saltopus, Marasuchus, the perhaps identical Lagosuchus, the lagerpetonids Lagerpeton from the Ladinian of Argentina and Dromomeron from the Norian of Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas (all in the United States), and the silesaurids, which include Silesaurus from the Carnian of Poland, Eucoelophysis from the Carnian-Norian of New Mexico, Lewisuchus and the perhaps identical Pseudolagosuchus from the Ladinian of Argentina, Sacisaurus from the Norian of Brazil, Technosaurus from the Carnian of Texas, Asilisaurus from the Anisian of Tanzania, and Diodorus from the Carnian(?) to Norian of Morocco.

Phylogeny

Cladogram simplified after Nesbitt (2011):

Dinosauromorpha New dating of dino ancestor challenges Triassic timeline Science News
Dinosauromorpha httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Dinosauromorpha Irmis et al Rise of Dinosaurs FAQ
Dinosauromorpha Staurikosaurus Wikiwand

References

Dinosauromorpha Wikipedia


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