Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

Dinakrushna Das

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Name  Dinakrushna Das

Role  Poet

Malika Odia (Dinakrushna Das)


Dinakrushna Das (1650 - 1710) was a famous poet of Orissa (in modern India), belonging to the Vaishnava tradition of bhakti movement. He is known for his Oriya poem titled "Rasakallola", which is devoted to Lord Krishna. Among his many literary compositions, "Artatrana Chautisa" is a reputed one.

Contents

Biography

Born at Jaleswar in Balasore district. Famous for his book ‘Rasakallola’, which describe the Divine Leela of Radha and Krishna and to be a staunch devotee of Lord Jagannath at Puri. Dinakrushna Dasa is an outstanding Oriya poet of the medieval Oriya literature. Not many details about him are available. He was born in Jaleswar in the State of Orissa and was contemporary of Mukunda Deva (1651–1686 A.D.) and Divyasingha Deva (1686–1713 A.D.) the then kings of Orissa. A major part of his life was spent in Puri. His mastery over varied subjects like Sanskrit poetics, grammar, astrology, classical medicine etc., made him a figure of eminence. But his domestic life was fraught with continued poverty and ailments. The ruler of Orissa, the then king of Puri, promised him many allurements provided he wrote a panegyric in the king’s honour. The poet rejected all such offers and remained resolute in glorifying only Jagannatha through his writings. It is said that he was inflicted with the leprosy and yet he used to visit the Puri temple of Jagannath and sing his devotional songs in a most moving voice everyday. The exact time and place of the poet’s death is not known.

Dinakrushna has about 15 poems to his credit, among which the most famous one is Rasakollola. Rasa Binoda, Guna Sagar, Bhaba Samudra, Amruta Sagar, Tattva Sagar, Bhuta Keli, Alankora Bali and Naba Keli are some of his notable creations. He earned a great reputation in writing Chautisa and other lyrical poems about Radha and Krushna. The most recurrent themes of his writings are the glorification and the portrayal of the divine drama of deities he worshipped, viz, Jagannath, Radha and Krishna.

Rasakallola has a distinct place in Oriya literature for its sheer poetic excellence and mellifluousness. It deals with the amours of Krushna with the maidens of Vraja and consists of 34 melodious cantos and each line of the cantos beings with the initial sound ‘ Ka’, the first consonant in sanscrit and oriya language. The cantos are again musically conditioned according to the Ragas and Raginis (tunes) prevalent in Orissa. Dinakrushna has shown great skill in painting the natural cycle of seasons and seasonal amours and romantic adventures associated with the seasons. Centering round the drama of Radha and Krushna, Dinakrushna has written many songs overflowing with a sort of mystically human and divine love.

References

Dinakrushna Das Wikipedia


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