Devaswom (Sanskrit: Property of God) are socio-religious trusts in India that comprise members nominated by both government and community. Their aim is to manage Hindu temples and their assets and to ensure their smooth operation in accordance with traditional rituals and customs. The devaswom system notably exists in the state of Kerala, where most temples are either managed by Government of Kerala-controlled devaswoms or formed by private bodies/families. The properties of each temple are deemed to be the personal property of the presiding deity the temple and are managed through a body of trustees who bear allegiance to the presiding deity.
The four Kerala devaswoms (Guruvayur, Travancore, Malabar and Cochin) together manage nearly 3000 temples.
Devaswom boards in Kerala Wikipedia
The four devaswoms (Guruvayur, Travancore, Malabar and Cochin) earn about Rs. 1000 crore annually
Travancore Devaswom Board is an autonomous body formed as per the Travancore Cochin Hindu Religious Institutions Act of 1950. It is one of the oldest Devaswom Board, as a successor to Travancore Royal Devaswom Commission. The headquarters of Travancore Devaswom Board is located at Devaswom Complex in Nanthancode, Thiruvananthapuram. Current president of Ttravancore Devaswom Board is Prayar Gopalakrishnan. Immediately after the British take over of Travancore , all temples till then, managed by different communities and families were confiscated including all its movable and immovable assets and put under the control of one institution with top control resting with the British resident. This also lead to the bhrahminical worship in all temples. The Sabarimala temple, is the largest and most important temple of Travancore Devaswom board. The second largest temple under this board is Chettikulangara Devi temple at Mavelikkara. The Constitution of the Board was based on the covenant entered into by the King of Travancore. The current president is Shri. Prayar Gopalakrishnan. Sabarimala is the main income source of the board, with Rs.90 crore accruing to it from there during the previous pilgrimage season (Nov.2010-Jan.2011). The income from the rest of the temples in Kerala was Rs.57 crore.
The Board comprises President and two Members, the President and one Member is nominated by the Hindu members of the Kerala Council of Ministers and the other Member from the Hindu Members of State legislature. The term of the President and Members is for a period of three years. The headquarters of the board is in Nanthancode,Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.Sabarimala Sree Ayyappa Temple, Pathanamthitta District
Thrikkuratti Mahadeva Temple, Mannar, Alappuzha District
Keezhattingal Sree Subrahmanya Swamy Temple, Keezhattingal,Attingal, Trivandrum
Chettikulangara Devi Temple, Mavelikkara
Cheriyanad BalaSubrahmanya Swamy temple, Cheriyanad, Chengannur, Alappuzha district
Vazhappally Maha Temple, Changanassery
Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple, Pathanamthitta District
Sreevallabha Temple, Thiruvalla, Pathanamthitta District
Mahadeva Temple, Chengannur, Chengannur, Alappuzha District
Ettumanoor Mahadevar Temple, Ettumanoor, Kottayam District
Thuravoor temple Narasimha Moorthy, SudharshanaMoorthy Mahakshethram, Thuravoor
Mahadeva Temple (Hanuman Temple), Kaviyoor, Kaviyoor, Pathanamthitta District
Mookambika Devi Temple, North Paravur
Malayalappuzha Devi Temple, Pathanamthitta District
Thirunakkara Siva Temple, Kottayam District
Sreekanteswaram Temple, Thiruvananthapuram
Umayanalloor Sri Balasubramanya Swami Temple
Sreekrishna Temple, Ambalappuzha
Mahadeva Temple, Kandiyoor, Mavelikkara
Sreekrishna Temple, Mavelikkara
Mahadeva Temple, Vaikom
Devi Karthiyayani Temple, Cherthala
Devi Karthiyayani Temple, Aroor, Alapuzha
Sree Subhramanya Temple, Harippad
Sree Parasurama Swamy Temple, Thiruvallam, Trivandrum
Mahadevar Temple, Kazhakkuttom, Trivandrum
Sarkara Devi Temple, Chirayinkil, Trivandrum
Kodungoor Devi Temple, Kodungoor, Kottayam District
Agasthyacode Mahadevar Temple, Agasthyacode, Anchal, Kollam District
Major Puthiydam Sreekrishna Swami Temple, Kayamkulam
Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram, Kottarakkara, Kollam district
Major Vettikalavala Temple, Vettikavala
Ayyapaswamy Temple, Kulathupuzha
Ayyapaswamy Temple, Ayankavu
Ayyappaswamy Temple, Achankovil
Sastha Temple, Sasthamcotta
Padanayarkullanagara Temple, Karunagapply
Kottamkullanagara Devi Temple, Chavara
Janardhana Swamy Temple, Varkala.
Hrishikesha Temple, Madamon, Pathanamthita.
Thrikkakara Vamanamoorthy Temple, Thrikkakara, Ernakulam
Kulappada Sreedharmasasthaswamy Temple, Kulappada, Thiruvananthapuram
Erumely Sree Dharma Sastha Temple, Erumely, Kottayam.
Kavil Bhagavathi Temple, Changanacherry, Kottayam
Thanganal Mahadeva Temple, Thanganal Changanacherry, Kottayam District
Sree Subrhamanya Swami Temple, Pananchery, Trichur
Mahadeva Temple, Pananchery, Trichur
Sree Shankaranarayana Swami Temple, Navaikulam
Sreenarayana Puram Temple, Choorakkodu Adoor
Sasthamangalam Mahadevar Temple, Thiruvananthapuram
Arayoor Major Sree Mahadevar Temple, Thiruvananthapuram
Thirumullavarom Mahavishnu Temple, Kollam
Thrikadavoor Mahadeva Temple, Kollam
Ashramom Sreekrishna Swamy Temple, Kollam
Sakthikulangara Dharma Sastha Temple, Kollam
Thiruvilangonappan Temple, Kamukumchery, Punalur
There are several Primary and Higher Secondary schools all over South Kerala.
There are four aided colleges all over South Kerala. They are:D. B. College, Sasthamcotta, Kollam District
D. B. College, Thalayolaparambu, Kottayam District
D. B. Pampa College, Parumala, Mannar, Pathanamthitta District
Sree Ayyappa College, Eramallikkara, Chengannur, Alappuzha District more →
Sree Subrahamanya Swami Temple,Pnanachery,Trichur Mahadeva Temple,Pananchery Sree Balasubramanyaswami Temple Cheriyanad
The Malabar Devaswom Board was formed by the H.R & C.E (Amendment) Ordinance of 2008 of Government of Kerala. The Board consists of 9 members. There are five divisions Kasaragod Division, Thalassery Division, Kozhikode Division, Malappuram Division and Palakkad Division. temples are in Special Temple category and the others in A,B,C,D category. in special category are 'Some of the well known' temples (*All temples cannot be included)Tirunelli Temple, Wayanad
Shree Rajarajeshwaram, Taliparamba
Tali Shiva Temple, Kozhikode
Sree mannanpurathu kavu Nileshwaram
Thaliyil Shiva temple Nileshwaram
Madhur Temple, Kasargod
Kottiyoor Vadakkeshwaram Temple
Thiruvangad Sree Ramaswami Temple, Thalassery
Mamanikkunnu Mahadevi Temple, Irikkur
Peralassery Temple, Makrery
Tiruvarkadu Bhagavathy Temple, Valapattanam
Mammiyoor MahadevaTemple, Guruvayoor
Kadampuzha Bhagavathi Temple, Melmury
Thirunavaya Navamukunda Temple
Thriprangottu Siva Temple, Thruprangottu
Prominent 'Category A' temples: Cherukunnu Annapoorneswari Temple, Cherukunnu, Anantheshwaram Temple, Kasargod, Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Temple, Valapattanam.
Prominent 'Category B' temples: Thirumandhamkunnu Bhagavathy Temple, Kongadu, Viswanathaswami Temple, Kalpathy, Thaliyil Neelakanda Temple, Neeleswaram. These temples are in relative lower category but are highly famous in the region.
The Guruvayur Devaswom Board was formed for administering the activities of Guruvayur Temple.
Administrative office started functioning since 1997. The day-to-day administration is to be looked after by an Administrator appointed by the Government of Kerala. The Managing Committee includes the Tantri of the temple and others.
Pandavathu Siva Temple,Maradu,Ernakulam Ayani Siva Temple,Maradu,Ernakulam Kottaram Poonithura Sreekrishna Swamy Temple, Maradu,ErnakulamRajarajeshwari Temple, Chottanikkara, Ernakulam
Shree Poornathrayeesha Temple, Thripoornuthura, Ernakulam
Shiva Temple, Ernakulam, Ernakulathappan.
Elangunnapuzha Temple, Vypin
Kodungallur Bhagawathy Temple, Kodungallore
Pazhayannur Bhagawathy Temple
Cochin Pazhayannur Bhagawathy kshetram, mattancherry, kochi
Cochin Palliarakkavvu bhagawathy temple, mattancherry, Kochi
Vadakkumanathan Temple, Thrissur
Sreeramaswamy Temple, Triprayar
Kanchanapally Ayyappan Temple, Patturaikkal, Trichur
Sreerama Swamy Temple,Manali,Near Kalyanam Tile Company,Trichur
Thanikkudam Bhagavathi Temple, Thanikkudam
Chittur bhagavathi temple,Palakkad
Sree Kerala Varma College, Thrissur
Vivekananda College, Kunnamkulam
The Devaswom Board has been seen as corrupt and making improper use of profits from temples. Other criticism include the inability of the Board to sufficiently operate major temples in Kerala, despite the huge profits that the Board receives. This is thought to be a product of corruption inherent within the Board. The Aravana Payasam Controversy of 2007 at Shabarimala was a prime example of Devaswom's (and the Government's) inability to cope with the running of the temple.