Deportation and removal from the United States occurs when the U.S. government orders a person to leave the country. In fiscal year 2014, Immigration and Customs Enforcement conducted 315,943 removals. Criteria for deportations are set out in 8 U.S.C. § 1227.
In the 105 years between 1892 and 1997, the United States deported 2.1 million people.
Between 1997 and 2001, during the Presidency of Bill Clinton, about 870,000 people were deported from the United States.
Between 2001 and 2008, during the Presidency of George W. Bush, about 2 million people were deported from the United States.
Between 2009 and 2016, during the Presidency of Barack Obama, about 3.2 million people were deported from the United States.
In the 1903 case Yamataya v. Fisher also known as the Japanese Immigrant Case, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the decisions of administrative or executive officers acting under their delegated powers constituted due process of law and were not subject to judicial review. In fiscal year 2013, 83 percent of deportation orders came from immigration officers.