Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

David Gross

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Covid-19
Nationality  American
Role  Physicist
Fields  Physics, String Theory
Spouse  Jacquelyn Savani
Doctoral advisor  Geoffrey Chew
Name  David Gross

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Born  David Jonathan Gross February 19, 1941 (age 74) Washington, D.C., U.S. (1941-02-19)
Institutions  University of California, Santa Barbara Harvard University Princeton University
Alma mater  Hebrew University University of California, Berkeley
Doctoral students  Frank Wilczek Edward Witten William E. Caswell Rajesh Gopakumar Nikita Nekrasov
Books  Lectures on Current Algebra and Its Applications
Parents  Bertram Myron Gross, Nora Faine Gross
Education  University of California, Berkeley, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Similar People  Hugh David Politzer, Frank Wilczek, Edward Witten, Roman Jackiw, Steven Weinberg
Profiles
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Residence  United States of America

David gross the coming revolutions in theoretical physics


David Jonathan Gross (; born February 19, 1941) is an American theoretical physicist and string theorist. Along with Frank Wilczek and David Politzer, he was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of asymptotic freedom. David Gross is the Chancellor’s Chair Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of California, Santa Barbara, and was formerly the KITP director and holder of their Frederick W. Gluck Chair in Theoretical Physics . He is also a faculty member in the UC Santa Barbara Physics Department and is currently affiliated with the Institute for Quantum Studies at Chapman University in California. He is a foreign member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Contents

David Gross Cal alum David Gross PhD 66 shares Nobel Prize in Physics

David gross frontiers of fundamental physics


Biography

David Gross Nobel Laureate Says Physics Is in Need of a Revolution WIRED

Gross was born to a Jewish family in Washington, D.C., in February of 1941. His parents were Nora (Faine) and Bertram Myron Gross (1912–1997). Gross received his bachelor's degree and master's degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1966, under the supervision of Geoffrey Chew.

David Gross April 2015 APS FIP Invited Sessions Models of International

He was a Junior Fellow at Harvard University, and a Professor at Princeton University until 1997, when he began serving as Princeton's Thomas Jones Professor of Mathematical Physics Emeritus. He has received many honors, including a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 1987, the Dirac Medal in 1988 and the Harvey Prize in 2000.

David Gross David Gross Receives 2008 Honorary Degree From Cambridge KITP

He has been a central figure in particle physics and string theory. In 1973, Professor Gross, working with his first graduate student, Frank Wilczek, at Princeton University, discovered asymptotic freedom—the primary feature of non-Abelian gauge theories—led Gross and Wilczek to the formulation of quantum chromodynamics. , the theory of the strong nuclear force. Asymptotic freedom is a phenomenon where the nuclear force weakens at short distances, which explains why experiments at very high energy can be understood as if nuclear particles are made of non-interacting quarks. The flip side of asymptotic freedom is that the force between quarks grows stronger as one tries to separate them. Therefore, the closer quarks are to each other, the less the strong interaction (or color charge) is between them; when quarks are in extreme proximity, the nuclear force between them is so weak that they behave almost as free particles. This is the reason why the nucleus of an atom can never be broken into its quark constituents.

QCD completed the Standard Model, which details the three basic forces of particle physics--the electromagnetic force, the weak force, and the strong force. Gross was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics, with Politzer and Wilczek, for this discovery. He has also made seminal contributions to the theory of Superstrings, a burgeoning enterprise that brings gravity into the quantum framework. With collaborators he originated the "Heterotic String Theory," the prime candidate for a unified theory of all the forces of nature. He continues to do research in this field at the KITP, a world center of physics. 

Gross, with Jeffrey A. Harvey, Emil Martinec, and Ryan Rohm also formulated the theory of the heterotic string. The four were whimsically nicknamed the "Princeton String Quartet."

In 2003, Gross was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto.

Family

David's first wife was Shulamith (Toaff). They have two children:

  • Ariela Gross, who is an historian and professor of law at the University of Southern California and the mother of his grandchildren, Raphaela and Sophia.
  • Elisheva Gross, who received a Doctor in psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles.
  • His second wife is Jacquelyn Savani. He has a stepdaughter, Miranda Savani, in Santa Barbara, California. She was born in North Huntingdon, and is an assistant to the chancellor and executive chancellor at the University of California at Santa Barbara, and media consultant for Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics.

    Honors and awards

  • NSF Graduate Fellowship (1963-66)
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow (1970-74)
  • J. J. Sakurai Prize of the American Physical Society (1986)
  • MacArthur Foundation Fellowship Prize (1987)
  • Dirac Medal, International Center for Theoretical Physics (1988)
  • Oscar Klein Medal, Royal Swedish Academy (2000)
  • Harvey Prize, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (2000)
  • High Energy and Particle Physics Prize, European Physical Society (2003)
  • Grande Médaille d'Or de l'Académie des sciences, France (2004)
  • Nobel Prize in Physics (2004)
  •  Recipient Golden Plate Award, Academy of Achievement (2005)
  • San Carlos Boromero Award, University of San Carlos, Philippines (2008)
  • Richard E. Prange Prize, University of Maryland (2013)
  • Medal of Honor, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia (2016)
  • Membership in Academies and Societies

    Fellow, American Physical Society, elected 1974

    Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, elected 1985

    Member, National Academy of Sciences, elected 1986

    Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, elected 1987

    Fellow, European Academy of Sciences, elected 2004

    Honorary Fellow of The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 2006

    Fellow, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India, elected 2007

    Member, American Philosophical Society, elected 2007

    Foreign Fellow, Indian National Science Academy, elected 2007

    Fellow, TWAS (the academy of sciences for the developing world), elected 2007

    Member, Académie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences, elected 2009

    Foreign Member, Chinese Academy of Sciences, elected 2011

    Foreign Member, Russian Academy of Sciences, elected 2016

    Honorary Doctorates and Professorships

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, University of Montpellier, 2000

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 2001

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, Sao Paulo University, Brazil, 2006

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, Ohio State University, 2007

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, University of the Philippines, Manila, 2008

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, De La Salle University, Manila, 2008

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, University of Cambridge, England, 2008

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2008

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, University of Cambodia, 2010

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2010

    Honorary Doctoral Degree, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2016

    Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina, 2016

    Einstein Professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2005

    Honorary Professor, Zhejiang University, China, 2005

    Honorary Professor, Xiamen University, China, 2006

    Honorary Professor, Xi'an University, China, 2006

    Honorary Professor, ESPOL University, Ecuador, 2006

    Honorary Professor, Lanzhou University, China, 2007

    Honorary Professor, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, 2010

    Honorary Professor, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China, 2012

    Honorary Professor, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, China, 2012

    Honorary Director, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, UCAS, Beijing, China, 2006-

    Solvay Centenary Chair, Solvay Institute, Brussels, 2011

    Lee Kong Chian Distinguished Professor, Institute for Advanced Studies, Singapore, 2013

    Lorentz Professor, Leiden University, Netherlands, 2014

    Named Lectures

    Andrejewski Lectures, Berlin, 1993

    Maryland Distinguished Lecturer, 1995

    Celsius Lecture, Uppsala, Sweden, 1995

    1994-5 Frontiers in Physics lectures, Texas A &M

    Maria Mayer Memorial Lecture, San Diego 1995

    Weizmann Lecturer, Weizmann Institute, 1996

    Leigh Page Lectures, Yale, 1998

    Marker Lectures, Penn State, 1998

    Dirac Memorial Lecture, Cambridge University, 1999

    Konopinski Lecture, Indiana State University, 1999

    Dobson Lecture, University of California Berkeley, 2000

    Oscar Klein Lecture, University of Stockholm, 2000

    Raymond and Beverly Sackler Lecture, University of Copenhagen, 2000

    Welsh Lecturer at the University of Toronto, 2001

    Henry Primakoff Lecturer, University of Pennsylvania, 2002

    Salmon Lecture, Trinity College, Dublin, 2003

    David and Edith Harris Distinguished Lecture, MIT, 2003

    Honorary Otis Lecture, City University of New York, 2004

    Ta-You Wu Lecture, University of Michigan, 2004

    Montroll Lecture, University of Rochester, 2005

    Willibald Jentschke Lecture, Desy, Hamburg, 2005

    Niels Bohr Lecture, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, 2005

    Norman Kroll Memorial Lecture, University of California, San Diego, 2005

    Daniel Ross Hamilton Memorial Lecture, Princeton University, 2005

    Einstein Colloquium, Weizmann Institute, Israel, 2005

    Einstein Lecture, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, 2005

    Nobel Laureate Lecture Series, Korea University, Seoul, Korea, 2005

    Einstein Lecture, University of Kentucky, 2005

    Madua Lecture, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel, 2006

    Homi Bhabha Lecture, Tata Institute, Mumbai, India, 2006

    Rajiv Gandhi Science & Technology Lecture, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for

    Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India, 2006

    Newton Lecture, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre, Bangalore, India, 2006

    Raman Memorial Lecture, Calcutta, India, 2006

    Raychaudhuri Memorial Lecture, Calcutta, India, 2006

    Varnum Lectures, Princeton University, 2006

    Heilborn Distinguished Lectures, Northwestern University, 2006

    Bethe Lectures, Cornell University, 2006

    Buhl Lecture, Carnegie Mellon University, 2007

    Rothschild Lecture, Cambridge University, 2007

    Brickwedde Lecture, Johns Hopkins University, 2007

    Van Vleck Lecture, Minnesota, 2008

    Solvay Distinguished Lecture, University of Brussels, 2008

    Tsinghua Global Vision Lecture, Tsinghua University, China, 2008

    Adelphus W. Smith Lecture, The University of Ohio, 2009

    Sackler Lecture, Tel Aviv University, 2009

    Putcha Venkateswarlu Memorial Lecture, Alabama Agricultural &

    Mechanical University, 2009

    Kaczmarczik Memorial Lecture, Drexel University, 2010

    Anna McPherson Physics Lecture, McGill University, 2010

    Katzenstein Distinguished Lecture, University of Connecticut, 2010

    Dudley Wright Foundation Lecture, University of Geneva, 2010

    Siemens Foundation Lecture, Munich, 2010

    Inaugural Lecture, University of the Rio Grande, Natal, Brazil, 2011

    Foundation Day Lecture, NISER, Bhubaneswar, India, 2011

    Cherwell-Simon Lecture, Oxford University, 2011

    Lee Lecture, Harvard University, 2012

    Einstein Lecture, Berlin, 2012

    Raymond and Beverly Sackler Lecture, Niels Bohr Institute, 2012

    Prange Lecture, University of Maryland, 2013

    Royal Danish Academy Nobel Laureate Talk, Copenhagen, 2013

    Pacific Institute of Theoretical Physics Lecture, UBC, March 2014

    Ehrenfest Colloquium Lecture, Leiden University, May 2014

    Klosk Lecture, New York University, Sept. 2014

    Della Pietra Lecture, Stony Brook University, 2015

    Distinguished Lecturer, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 2015

    Plenary Address, Indian Science Congress, Mysore, Jan. 2016

    Arthur Williams Lecture, Brown University, 2016

    Inaugural Lecture “Frontiers of Physics, University of Washington, 2016

    Colloquium Paco Yndurain, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2016

    Inaugural Lecture OAW-ISTA “Insights”, Vienna, 2016

    STAG Lecture, University of Southampton, England, 2016

    References

    David Gross Wikipedia


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