Rahul Sharma

DataMelt

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Original author(s)  Dr. Sergei V. Chekanov
Written in  Java
Developer(s)  Dr. Sergei V. Chekanov
DataMelt
Initial release  2005 (2005) (initial name jHepWork)
Stable release  1.6 / 12 January 2017; 40 days ago (2017-01-12)
Repository  github.com/chekanov/dmelt_jhplot

DataMelt (or, in short, DMelt) a computation and visualization environment, is an interactive framework for scientific computation, data analysis and data visualization designed for scientists, engineers and students. DataMelt is multiplatform since it is written in Java, thus it runs on any operating system where the Java virtual machine can be installed.

Contents

The program is designed for interactive scientific plots in 2D and 3D and contains numerical scientific libraries implemented in Java for mathematical functions, random numbers, statistical analysis, curve fitting and other data mining algorithms. DataMelt uses high-level programming languages, such as Jython, Groovy, JRuby, but Java coding can also be used to call DataMelt numerical and graphical libraries.

DataMelt is an attempt to create a data-analysis environment using open-source packages with a coherent user interface and tools competitive to commercial programs. The idea behind the project is to incorporate open-source mathematical and numerical software packages with GUI-type user interfaces into a coherent program in which the main user interface is based on short-named Java/Python classes. This was required to build an analysis environment using Java scripting concept. A typical example will be shown below.

Scripts and Java code (in case of the Java programming) can be run either in a GUI editor of DataMelt or as batch programs. The graphical libraries of DataMelt can be used to create applets. All charts (or "Canvases") used for data representation can be embedded into Web browsers.

DataMelt can be used everywhere where an analysis of large numerical data volumes, data mining, statistical data analysis and mathematics are essential. The program can be used in natural sciences, engineering, modeling and analysis of financial markets. While the program falls into the category of open source software, it is not completely free for commercial usage (see below), no source code is available on the home page, and all documentation and even bug reporting requires "membership".

Overview

DataMelt has several features useful for data analysis:

  • uses Jython, BeanShell, Groovy, JRuby scripting, or the standard Java. The GNU Octave mode is also available for symbolic calculations;
  • can be integrated with the Web in forms of applets or Java Web-start applications, thus it is suited for distributed analysis environment via the Internet;
  • DataMelt is designed from the ground up to support programming with multiple threads;
  • has a full-featured IDE with syntax highlighting, syntax checker, code completion and analyser. It includes a version of IDE for small-screen devices;
  • includes a help system with a code completion based on the Java reflection technology;
  • uses a platform-neutral I/O based on Google's Protocol Buffers. Data can be written in C++ and analyzed using Java/Jython.
  • databases (object databases and SQL-based databases)
  • has a browser for serialized objects and objects created using Google Protocol Buffers;
  • includes packages for statistical calculations;
  • error (uncertainty) propagation using a linear expansion or a Monte Carlo approach for arbitrary function
  • symbolic calculations similar to those found in the GNU Octave project or MATLAB, but rewritten in Java (jMathLab project).
  • Data-analysis features

    The package supports several mathematical, data-analysis and data mining features:

  • 2D and 3D interactive visualization of data, functions, histograms, charts.
  • analytic calculations using Matlab or Octave syntax
  • histograms in 2D and 3D, as well as profile histograms
  • random numbers and statistical samples
  • functions, including parametric equations in 3D
  • contour plots, scatter plots
  • neural networks
  • linear regression and curve fitting using several minimization techniques
  • Cluster analysis (K-means clustering analysis (single and multi pass), Fuzzy (C-means) algorithm, agglomerative hierarchical clustering)
  • input/output for all data objects (arrays, functions, histograms) are based on Java serialization. There is also a support for I/O from/to C++ and other languages using the Google's Protocol buffer format. Several databases are supported (Java-object databases and SQL-based)
  • Cellular automaton
  • output to high-quality Vector graphics. Support for PostScript, EPS, PDF and raster formats
  • Symbolic and numeric calculations

    Symbolic calculations use GNU Octave scripting language. The following methods are available:

  • Systems of polynomial equations solving
  • vectors and matrix algebra
  • Factorization
  • derivatives
  • integrals (rational functions)
  • boolean algebra
  • simplification
  • geometric algebra
  • Input and output

    DataMelt includes the native Java and Python methods for file input and outputs. In addition, it allows to write data in the following formats:

  • The HFile format based on Java serialization. Optionally, compression and XML serialization are supported. Data can be written sequentially or using the key-value maps.
  • The PFile format based on the Protocol Buffers engine for multiplatform input output
  • The HBook format, which is a simplified XML format to write large data structures without XML tags
  • Arbitrary data structure can be written into object databases with file system as back-end. This allows writing large data collections to files which normally do not fit into the computer memory.
  • Several SQL database engines are included as external packages
  • AIDA (computing) file format (read only)
  • ROOT file format (read only)
  • Data stored in external files can be viewed using browsers for convenient visualization.

    History

    DataMelt has its roots in particle physics where data mining is a primary task. It was created as jHepWork project in 2005 and it was initially written for data analysis for particle physics using the Java software concept for International Linear Collider project developed at SLAC. Later versions of jHepWork were modified for general public use (for scientists, engineers, students for educational purpose) since the International Linear Collider project has stalled. In 2013, jHepWork was renamed to DataMelt and become a general-purpose community-supported project. The main source of reference is the book "Scientific Data analysis using Jython Scripting and Java" and which discuss in depth data analysis methods using Java and Jython scripting. More recently, DataMelt was discussed in German Java SPEKTRUM journal.

    The string "HEP" in the project name "jHepWork" abbreviates "High-Energy Physics". But due to a wide popularity outside this area of physics, it was renamed to SCaViS (Scientific Computation and Visualization Environment). This project existed for 3 years before it was renamed to DataMelt (or, in short, DMelt).

    DataMelt is hosted by jWork.ORG portal

    Supported platforms

    DataMelt runs on Windows, Linux, Mac and the Android platforms. The package for the Android is called AWork.

    License terms

    The core source code of the numerical and graphical libraries is licensed by the GNU General Public License. The interactive development environment (IDE) used by DataMelt has some restrictions for commercial usage since language files, documentation files, examples, installer, code-assist databases, interactive help are licensed by the creative-common license. Full members of the DataMelt project have several benefits, such as: the license for a commercial usage, access to the source repository, an extended help system, a user script repository and an access to the complete documentation.

    The commercial licenses cannot apply to source code that was imported or contributed to DataMelt from other authors.

    Jython scripts

    Here is an example of how to show 2D bar graphs by reading a CVS file downloaded from the World Bank web site.

    The execution of this script plots a bar chart in a separate window. The image can be saved in a number of formats.

    Here is another simple example which illustrates how to fill a 2D histogram and display it on a canvas. The script also creates a figure in the PDF format. This script illustrates how to glue and mix the native JAVA classes (from the package java.util) and DataMelt classes (the package jhplot) inside a script written using the Python syntax.

    This script can be run either using DataMelt IDE or using a stand-alone Jython after specifying classpath to DataMelt libraries. The output is shown below:

    Groovy scripts

    The same example can also be coded using Groovy programming language which is supported by DataMelt.

    Groovy is better integrated with Java and can be a factor three faster for long loops over primitives compared to Jython.

    Publications

  • Chekanov, Sergei V. (2016). Numeric Computation and Statistical Data Analysis on the Java Platform. Springer. p. 700. ISBN 978-3-319-28529-0. 
  • Chekanov, Sergei V. (2010). Scientific Data analysis using Jython Scripting and Java. Springer-Verlag. p. 497. ISBN 978-1-84996-286-5. 
  • Rohe, Klaus. "DataMelt – Werkbank für technisch-wissenschaftliche Berechnungen und Visualisierungen mit Java und Jython". Java SPEKTRUM (in German) (5/2013): 26–28. 
  • References

    DataMelt Wikipedia


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