Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Cynarctoides lemur

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Canidae
Tribe  †Phlaocyonini
Genus  Cynarctoides
Order  Carnivores
Class  Mammalia
Subfamily  †Borophaginae
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Species
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People also search for  Cynarctoides harlowi

Cynarctoides lemur is an extinct species of Cynarctoides, belonging to the subfamily Borophaginae and tribe Phlaocyonini, a canid endemic to various parts of central North America from the Late Oligocene to Miocene epoch (Harrisonian stage) living 24.8—20.6 mya and existed for approximately 4.2 million years.


Fossil evidence suggests that C. lemur migrated to the east and southeast over time becoming extinct in the northwest followed by upper Great Plains and then the southeast.


Cynarctoides lemur was named by Cope (1879). It was recombined as Galecynus lemur by Cope (1881); it was recombined as Cynodictis lemur by Scott (1898); it was recombined as Nothocyon lemur by Matthew (1899), Wortman and Matthew (1899), Wortman and Matthew (1899), Merriam (1906), Matthew (1907), Thorpe (1922), Hall and Martin (1930), Macdonald (1963), Macdonald (1970) and Munthe (1998); it was recombined as Cormocyon lemur by Wang and Fremd (1994); it was recombined as Cynarctoides lemur by Xiaoming Wang, Richard H. Tedford, et al. (1999).

Body mass

Two specimens were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass.

  • Specimen 1 was estimated to weigh 0.960 kg (2.1 lb).
  • Specimen 2 was estimated to weigh 1.02 kg (2.2 lb).
  • Fossil distribution

  • North Blue Basin, John Day Formation, Grant County, Oregon ~33.3—30.8 Ma.
  • Sharps Site, Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota ~30.8—26.3 Ma.
  • Godsell Ranch, Sharps Formation, Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota ~30.8—20.6 Ma.
  • Buda Mine, Alachua County, Florida ~24.8—20.6 Ma.
  • References

    Cynarctoides lemur Wikipedia