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Cyanidin

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Formula  C15H11O6+
Molar mass  287.24 g/mol
Cyanidin Chrysanthemin Wikipedia

Cyanidin is a natural organic compound. It is a particular type of anthocyanidin (glycoside version called anthocyanins). It is a pigment found in many red berries including grapes, bilberry, blackberry, blueberry, cherry, cranberry, elderberry, hawthorn, loganberry, açai berry and raspberry. It can also be found in other fruits such as apples and plums, and in red cabbage and red onion. It has a characteristic reddish-purple color, though this can change with pH; solutions of the compound are red at pH < 3, violet at pH 7-8, and blue at pH > 11. In certain fruits, the highest concentrations of cyanidin are found in the seeds and skin.

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Effects on the human body

Cyanidin Cyanidin chloride Polyphenolsno

Cyanidin, like other anthocyanidins, has putative antioxidant and radical-scavenging effects which may protect cells from oxidative damage and reduce risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Other studies have indicated that dietary intake of cyanidins may inhibit development of obesity by inhibiting the effects of unhealthy diets. Other studies have indicated that cyanidin intake may inhibit development of diabetes as well as provide anti-inflammatory effects.

Cyanidin Cyanidin Scientific Review on Usage Dosage Side Effects

Other preliminary studies indicate that the glucoside derivative of cyanidin might have a role in cancer therapy, although this remains unproven beyond laboratory testing.

List of cyanidin derivatives

Cyanidin Cyanidin 3glucoside Polyphenolsno
  • Antirrhinin (cyanidin-3-rutinoside or 3-C-R), found in black raspberry
  • Cyanidin-3-xylosylrutinoside, found in black raspberry
  • Cyanidin-3,4′-di-O-β-glucopyranoside, found in red onion
  • Cyanidin-4′-O-β-glucoside, found in red onion
  • Chrysontemin (cyanidin-3-O-glucoside), found in blackcurrant pomace
  • Ideain (cyanidin 3-O-galactoside), found in Vaccinium species
  • Cyanin (cyanidin-3,5-O-diglucoside), found in red wine

  • Cyanidin Cyanidin 3rutinoside Polyphenolsno

    References

    Cyanidin Wikipedia


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