Puneet Varma (Editor)

Crucifixion (Antonello da Messina)

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Artist  Antonello da Messina
Type  Oil on wood
Year  1454-1455
Crucifixion (Antonello da Messina)

Dimensions  39 cm × 23.5 cm (15 in × 9.3 in)
Location  Brukenthal National Museum Sibiu, Romania

The Crucifixion is the subject of three different paintings by the Italian Renaissance master Antonello da Messina; the first two were completed around 1454/1455, the third in 1475. They are housed in the Brukenthal National Museum (Sibiu, Romania); the Royal Museum of Fine Arts of Antwerp (Antwerp, Belgium) and in the National Gallery (London, UK), respectively.


The Sibiu Crucifixion

An early work appearing to be influenced by the Flemish school, the Sibiu Crucifixion was formerly attributed to an unknown 14th century German painter. A symbolic view of Messina is depicted in the background, probably an allusion to Jerusalem as requested by the unknown client, in a typical fashion of the time.

The Antwerp Crucifixion

The Antwerp Crucifixion represents Christ crucified between two evil-doers, with Mary and John the Evangelist seated on the ground. The work shows a landscape typical of the Flemish school in the lower part; the well devised spatial disposition of the crosses in the upper half demonstrates a full knowledge of the innovative method of perspective known to Italian art of the period. The Italian scholar Roberto Longhi asserted that the upper part was added several years later.

The London Crucifixion

Belonging to a later phase, the London Crucifixion is one of the few paintings signed and dated by Antonello: "1475/antonellus messaneus/me pinxit". The geometrical composition is divided in two parts by the cross and the lake in the background, with the Virgin on the left and St. John on the right.


Crucifixion (Antonello da Messina) Wikipedia