Croix-Rouge was the first terminus of line 10 of the Paris Métro. It opened in 1923, and closed in 1939.
The station is situated in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, between the stations Sèvres – Babylone and Mabillon.
The name of the station comes from the junction named Croix-Rouge, situated at the north-eastern end of the rue du Cherche-Midi. The name had previously been in existence for several centuries. It is unrelated to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (generally referred to in French as the Croix-Rouge), founded in 1863.
The station was closed on 2 September 1939, with France's entry into the Second World War and the mobilisation of staff from the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris (CMP). It was never reopened owing to its proximity to the station Sèvres – Babylone.
The bus stop at the same location retained the Croix-Rouge name until 31 December 2005, when it was renamed Michel-Debré, after Michel Debré, prime minister of the Fifth Republic and co-author of the Constitution of France. Apart from the street sign "Carrefour de la Croix-Rouge" at the junction, there is therefore no longer any official trace of the name.