Suvarna Garge

Crepis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Scientific name  Crepis
Rank  Genus
Tribe  Cichorieae
Higher classification  Daisy family
Order  Asterales
Crepis Crepis vesicaria Radicchiella vescicosa
Lower classifications  Crepis biennis, Crepis multicaulis, Crepis capillaris, Crepis paludosa, Crepis praemorsa

Eattheweeds episode 57 crepis ii


Crepis, commonly known in some parts of the world as hawksbeard or hawk's-beard (but not to be confused with the related genus Hieracium with a similar common name), is a genus of annual and perennial flowering plants of the family Asteraceae superficially resembling the dandelion, the most conspicuous difference being that Crepis usually has branching scapes with multiple heads (though solitary heads can occur). The genus name Crepis derives from the Greek krepis, meaning "slipper" or "sandal", possibly in reference to the shape of the fruit.

Contents

Crepis Beaked Hawk39sbeard Crepis vesicaria NatureSpot

The genus is distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and Africa, and several plants are known as introduced species practically worldwide. The center of diversity is in the Mediterranean.

Crepis Crepis foetida Wikipedia

Crepis garden plants


Ecology

Crepis Crepis bursifolia L Italian hawksbeard

Crepis species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the broad-barred white moth. The fly Tephritis formosa is known to attack the capitula of this plant.

Seeds of Crepis species are an important food source for some bird species.

Uses

Crepis httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

In Crete, Greece the leaves of Crepis commutata which is called glykosyrida (γλυκοσυρίδα) is eaten raw, boiled, steamed or browned in salads. Another two species on the same island, Crepis vesicaria, called kokkinogoula (κοκκινογούλα), lekanida (λεκανίδα) or prikousa (πρικούσα) and a local variety called maryies (μαργιές) or pikrouses (πικρούσες) have both its leaves and tender shoots eaten boiled by the locals.

Secondary metabolites

The genus Crepis is a rich source of costus lactone-type guaianolides, a class of sesquiterpene lactones.

Crepis Crepis bursifolia Wikipedia

Phenolics found in Crepis include luteolin-type flavonoids and caffeoyl quinic acid derivatives such as chlorogenic acid and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid. Moreover, Crepis species contain the caffeoyl tartaric acid derivatives caffeoyl tartaric acid and cichoric acid.

Diversity

There are about 200 species in the genus.

Species include:

Crepis Crepis
  • Crepis acuminata - tapertip hawksbeard, longleaf hawk's-beard
  • Crepis alpestris
  • Crepis alpina
  • Crepis aspera
  • Crepis atribarba - dark hawk's-beard, slender hawk's-beard
  • Crepis aurea - golden hawk's-beard
  • Crepis bakeri - Baker's hawksbeard
  • Crepis barbigera - bearded hawk's-beard
  • Crepis biennis - rough hawksbeard
  • Crepis bungei
  • Crepis bursifolia - Italian hawksbit
  • Crepis capillaris - smooth hawksbeard, green crepis
  • Crepis conyzifolia
  • Crepis dioscoridis
  • Crepis foetida - stinking hawksbeard, roadside hawk's-beard
  • Crepis incana - pink dandelion
  • Crepis intermedia - limestone hawksbeard, small-flower hawk's-beard
  • Crepis kotschyana
  • Crepis micrantha
  • Crepis modocensis - Modoc hawksbeard, Siskiyou hawksbeard
  • Crepis mollis - northern hawksbeard
  • Crepis monticola - mountain hawksbeard
  • Crepis nicaeensis - French hawksbeard, Turkish hawksbeard
  • Crepis occidentalis - largeflower hawksbeard, gray hawk's-beard, western hawk's-beard
  • Crepis paludosa - marsh hawksbeard
  • Crepis pannonica - pasture hawksbeard
  • Crepis phoenix
  • Crepis pleurocarpa - nakedstem hawksbeard, naked hawk's-beard
  • Crepis pontana
  • Crepis praemorsa - leafless hawksbeard
  • Crepis pulchra - small-flower hawk's-beard
  • Crepis pyrenaica
  • Crepis rubra - red hawksbeard, pink hawk's-beard
  • Crepis runcinata - fiddleleaf hawksbeard
  • Crepis sancta - holy hawksbeard
  • Crepis setosa - bristly hawksbeard
  • Crepis sibirica
  • Crepis sodiroi
  • Crepis tectorum - narrow-leaved hawksbeard
  • Crepis thompsonii
  • Crepis vesicaria - beaked hawksbeard, dandelion hawk's-beard, weedy hawk's-beard
  • Crepis zacintha - striped hawksbeard
  • References

    Crepis Wikipedia


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